1- Using Siwaak :

Using Siwaak before reciting the Noble Quran is one of the means of purity and cleanness that one should not neglect. It is something recommended for it implies a form of glorifying the Noble Quran which is the real Words of Allah The Almighty and the Angels, may Allah exalt their mention, come close to one who recites it.

It was narrated in a Marfoo‘  Hadeeth that Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “Siwaak is purifying for the mouth and pleasing to the Lord.” [Reported by An-Nasaa’i (5), Ibn Maajah (285), Ahmad (1/10) and Al-Bukhaari deemed it Mu‘allaq ]

Moreover, it was reported that ‘Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, ordered using Siwaak and said: “The Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him, said, when the slave (of Allah The Almighty) uses Siwak, then stands to perform Salaat (Prayers), an angel stands behind him, listening closely to his recitation. He then draws closer and closer to him, until he places his mouth upon the mouth (of the one reciting the Noble Quran). Whatever he recites from the Noble Quran, it enters inside the angel; so purify your mouths (with Siwaak) for (the recitation of) the Noble Quran.” [Reported by Al-Bazzar in his Musnad (p. 60) and said we do not know it from ‘Ali better than this Isnaad (chain of narrators). Al-Munthiri said in At-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb (1/10): Reported by Al-Bazzar with a good Isnaad (chain of narrators). Also, Ibn Maajah reported some of it as a Mawqoof (i.e. traceable) Hadeeth and it is very similar to it. Al-Albaani deemed it Saheeh (authentic) in As-Silsilah As-Saheehah no. (1213) and pointed out that the narration reported by Ibn Maajah that is traceable (287) includes interruption and abandoned, and its wording is as follows: “Verily, your mouths are paths of the Quran, so brush them clean.”  

Actually, this can be supported by the Hadeeth narrated by  Hudhayfah, may Allah be pleased with him, who said: “When the Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him, got up during the night, he would clean his mouth thoroughly with the Siwaak.” (Reported by Al-Bukhaari (1136), and Muslim (255) The Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him, used to recite the last verses from the chapter of Aal-‘Imraan (no. 3 of the Noble Quran).

2- Seeking refuge with Allah from the accursed Satan:

If one intends to recite the Noble Quran, then it is recommended for him to say Isti‘aathah (i.e. saying A’oothu Billaahi min Ash-Shaytaan Al-Raajeem) for Allah The Almighty says (what means): {So when you want to recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one).} [Quran 16: 98], meaning before starting recitation.

Description of Isti‘aathah: It is to say ‘A’oothu Billaahi min Ash-Shaytaan Al-Raajeem’ and whoever recites one of the other reported wordings, then it is something permissible.

Meaning of of Isti‘aathah: Seeking refuge and protection with Allah The Almighty from Satan.

One should recite it loudly if there is anyone  listening to him. That is because reciting it loudly is a meaning of declaring the motto of recitation and thus the listener may pay attention to recitation from its very beginning and miss nothing of it.

If one interrupts recitation or separates it with something that lasts for a long time, then he should resume his recitation with Isti‘aathah again.

3- Observing saying Basmalah (Bismillaahi Ar-Rahmaani Ar-Raheem –In the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful):

This means saying it before starting recitation. Thus, one should say after Isti‘aathah: Bismillaahi Ar-Rahmaani Ar-Raheem.

It is one of the most affirmed etiquette. Starting with Bismillaahi is one of the recommended traditions of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessing be upon him. Moreover, it helps one to attain the protection and company of Allah The Almighty the thing that brings about Khushoo‘ (submission) when reciting.

It is recommended for one to keep reciting Basmalah at the beginning of every Soorah (i.e. chapter of the Noble Quran) other than the Soorah of Baraa’ah for no Basmalah should be said at the beginning of it.





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