The one who recites the Noble Quran should keep in mind the fact that he is speaking to Allah The Almighty and thus he should observe the best etiquette while reciting the Noble Quran, the Words of Allah The Almighty. Amongst the Etiquette that should be carefully observed in this regard are:

1-            Belief in the Noble Quran:

One should believe in it and all what it came with, and that it is the real Words of Allah The Almighty that was sent down to His Messenger Muhammad, peace and blessing be upon him. Moreover, one should believe that it is preserved and there is absolutely no doubt in this. Allah The Almighty says (what means): {O you who believe! Believe in Allah, and His Messenger (Muhammad, peace and blessing be upon him), and the Book (the Quran) which He has sent down to His Messenger, and the Scripture which He sent down to those before (him), and whosoever disbelieves in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last Day, then indeed he has strayed far away.} [Quran 4: 136].

                                

Belief in it is one of the main pillars of Emaan (i.e. Faith of Islam) as it was mentioned in the Hadeeth of Jibreel (i.e. Gabriel), may Allah exalt his mention. [Reported by Muslim].

                                  

2-              Observing sincerity to Allah The Almighty:

One should intend in his recitation and all of his other acts of worship to seek the Face of Allah The Almighty and His nearness alone away from any other thing such as wealth, authority, noble position, superiority over his peers, praise of people, fame or the like.

Allah The Almighty says (what means): {And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him), and perform As-Salaat (prayer) and give Zakaat (obligatory almsgiving): and that is the right religion.} [Quran 98: 5].

Furthermore, it was narrated that the Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him, said: “The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended.” [Reported by Al-Bukhaari (1) and Muslim (1907)].  

Also, it was narrated that Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: “The first one among the people to be judged on the Day of Resurrection will be a man who was martyred. He will be brought and Allah will remind him of His blessings and he will acknowledge them. He will say, ‘What did you do with them?’ He will say: ‘I fought for Your Sake until I was martyred.’ He will say, ‘You are lying; rather you fought so that it would be said that you were brave, and that was said.’ Then He will order that he be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell. And there will be a man who acquired knowledge and taught it, and he recited Quran. He will be brought and Allah will remind him of His blessings and he will acknowledge them. He will say, ‘What did you do with them?’ He will say: ‘I acquired knowledge and taught it, and I recited Quran for Your Sake.’ He will say, ‘You are lying; rather you acquired knowledge so that it would be said that you were a scholar, and you recited Quran so that it would be said that you were a reciter, and that was said.’ Then He will order that he be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell.  And there will be a man to whom Allah gave abundant wealth, and he gave all kinds of wealth. He will be brought and Allah will remind him of His blessings and he will acknowledge them. He will say, ‘What did you do with them?’ He will say: I did not leave any way that You like charity to be spent but I spent charity for Your Sake.’ He will say: ‘You are lying; rather you did that so that it would be said that you were generous, and that was said.’ Then He will order that he be dragged on his face and thrown into Hell.” [Reported by Muslim (1905)]

Whenever Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, narrates this Hadeeth, he used to fall unconscious, fearing that he may be from the other group. Then, where are we from observing sincerity in our intentions?

One only benefits from the Noble Quran according to his sincerity. So, if one recites Quran for he really loves Allah The Almighty, seeks earnestly His Nearness and Pleasure, then he will be affected greatly with what he recites. However, if one recites it to just show off and seek the praise of the people and to be said that he is a great reciter, then this will be a cause for keeping him away from Allah The Almighty and deserving His Wrath.

               

3-            Observing ritual purity during recitation:

It is recommended for one to recite the Noble Quran while he is pure from the minor and major ritual impurity. However, it is permissible for one to recite the Noble Quran while he has a minor impurity according to the consensus of the Muslim scholars. If one does not find water, then he should perform Tayammum (i.e. dry ablution).

As for the one who has a major ritual impurity (i.e. Junub), it is impermissible for him to recite the Noble Quran according to the majority of the Muslim scholars.

It was narrated that ‘Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, said: “The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessing be upon him, used to recite Quran to us in all situations so long as he was not in a state of Janaabah .” [Reported by At-Tirmithi (136), Ahmad (2/99) and Abu ‘Isa said: Hasan Saheeh (good and authentic) Hadeeth]

 

As for the Menstruating women, it is permissible for her to recite the Noble Quran according to the most preponderant opinion of the Muslim scholars for there is no authentic explicit evidence of prohibition and drawing analogy between her and the Junub is something questionable.

 

However, the one who has ritual impurity should not touch the Mushaf. He should only recite from what he memorizes for touching the Mushaf is not permissible except if one is ritually pure. Prohibition of touching it except in a ritual pure state was explicitly mentioned in the letter that the Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him, wrote to ‘Amr ibn Hazm which included: “No one should touch the Quran except one who is Taahir (ritually pure).” [Reported by Maalik in Muwatta (468) and others]     

 

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