Islam's Moderateness in Legislation
Islam holds an intermediate position in terms of lawmaking and its legal and social order as well.
Islam places itself away form Judaism, on one hand, which over-prohibited lawful items either divinely, due to Jews' innumerable transgressions and oppressions, or on their own as Allah Almighty says, "So, for the injustice (on the part) of (the ones) who have Jaudized, We have prohibited them good things that were lawful to them, and for their barring from the way of Allah many (people). And for their taking usury, and they were already forbidden it, and eating (up) the riches of mankind untruthfully... "
On the hand, Islam holds a position different form that of Christianity which over-allowed things to the extent of allowing things stipulated to be prohibited in the Torah (Old Testament) despite the fact that the Bible (New Testament) quotes Jesus Christ as saying, "Think not that I have come to abolish the law and the prophets; I have come not to abolish them but to fulfill them…" However, priests declare that 'every thing is good for good people'!
Islam does have lawful and unlawful things, but never passed the right to introduce the same to people; it is rather the prerogative of Allah. Yet, Islam prohibits only harmful things, and makes lawful good things only. This explains the former Bible-based descriptions of the Prophet, may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him, as "commanding them to beneficence, and forbidding them maleficence, making lawful for them the good things, and prohibiting for them the wicked things, and ridding them of their obligation and the shackles that were upon them… "
Being so moderate in all aspects of life, Islam is also moderate in terms of family affairs. It strikes the balance needed between those who legalized polygamy unconditionally, and those who denied it outrightly even if necessitated by the best interests and needs of people concerned.
Instead, Islam permits polygamy under strict conditions of potency, affordability, and full capacity to treat wives equally. Otherwise, restricting oneself to a single wife is a religious must. Allah Almighty says, "… then in case you fear that you will not do justice, then one only… "
Further, when it comes to divorce, Islam holds an intermediate position between those who outrightly prohibit divorce for any reason even if marital life turns into an intolerable hell, such as the Catholics on one hand, and others who follow suit unless for adultery and cheating such as the Orthodoxists; and those who legalize divorce unconditionally so that a divorce is allowed whenever asked for by a male or female; an attitude paving the road to destroying marital life for the slightest reason. Marriage, so speaking, becomes weaker than a spider's home!
Islam, on the contrary, allows a room for divorce when all other means of conciliation are futilely used, including arbitration and peace-making. Yet, divorce is the most loathingly lawful matter. A divorcer may divorce his wife once and twice with a room for reunion thereafter. Allah Almighty says, "Divorce is twice; then retention with beneficence or release in fairness… "
This was a snapshot demonstrating how moderate and balanced Islam is in terms of legislation.
In a nutshell, moderateness is a distinctive feature of the Muslim nation, even an essential component of the Islamic charity and justice-based foundation. The milestones for this foundation are the moderate methodology and lifestyle of Islam; the methodology of fairness and balance chosen distinctively for this last nation by Allah since it carries, with Allah's help, the last divine message for this world. Ash-Shatebi said, "Urging people to be moderate goes in line with the intent of Allah. Such moderateness has always been the choice of good followers of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) .