Saburah ibn Abu Fakih (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saying: "Satan sat in wait for the Son of Adam in all his paths. He sat in the path of Islam, saying: `Would you embrace Islam and abandon your religion and the religion of your forefathers?' However, the Son of Adam disobeyed Satan and embraced Islam. So Satan sat in the path of Hijrah (migration in the cause of Allah), saying: `Would you migrate and leave your land and sky.' But the parable of the Migrant is that of a horse in his stamina. So, he disobeyed Satan and migrated. So Satan sat in the path of Jihad, against one's self and with his wealth, saying: `If you fight, you will be killed, your wife will be married and your wealth divided.' So he disobeyed him and performed Jihad. Therefore, whoever among them (Children of Adam) does this and dies, it will be a promise from Allah that He admits him into Paradise. If he is killed, it will be a promise from Allah that He admits him into Paradise. If he drowns, it will be a promise from Allah that He admits him into Paradise. If an animal breaks one’s neck, it will be a promise from Allah that He admits them into Paradise." (1)
Vocabularies taken from the commentary of As-Sindy (2):
The parable that was given in the Hadith is: (But the parable of the Migrant is that of a horse in his stamina,) which is the talk of Satan.
The meaning is: A migrant becomes like a chained person in foreign countries, not as his condition at home, and only few of his friends mix with him. In that case, he is like a chained horse which does not go around or pasture except with a fixed amount; unlike the countrymen who live happily without any confinement, so they are like free horses (3).
Benefits taken from the Hadith:
1- Satan is keen to seduce the children of Adam because it is the bitter enemy to them, therefore, a Muslim should always take caution against it. Allah (May He be Exalted) says: “O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and regulations of the Islamic religion) and follow not the footsteps of Satan. Verily, he is to you a plain enemy.” [Surat Al Baqarah: 208].
2- Satan does not despair of man. When it fails to seduce him in something, you find it keen to seduce him in another so that it might prevent him from good.
3- The merit of faith, migration, and Jihad (fighting) and explaining that they are the causes of admission to Paradise.
4- that attestation in the way of Allah from reasons admission Paradise, as Allah (Glory be to Him) promise the drowned and the one who falls off his mount and dies; those will enter Paradise out of Allah's Favor and Benevolence.
(1) Sunan An-Nasa`y, No. (3136) and Musnad (Hadith compilation of) Imam Ahmad 25/315, No. (15958), and Al Albany graded it as authentic in As-Silsilah As-Sahihah, 7/180, (2979).
(2) The commentary of Sunan An-Nasa`y of As-Sindy, 6/21-22.
(3) The commentary of Sunan An-Nasa`y of As-Sindy, 6/22.