40-        Some scholars said Sa‘d ibn Mu‘aath, may Allaah be pleased with him, said: 'If that man is from the tribe of the Aws, then we will chop his head off', because Aws are his people and tribe. He did not say from Al-Khazraj for the dispute that was between Aws and Al-Khazraj before Islam and then removed by Islam and some it remained due to haughtiness.

41-        Describing mistakes as lies.

42-        The permissibility of taking oath 'By the life of Allaah.'

43-        It is recommended to sever dispute and calming down the fire of sedition and enduring the lesser of two evils in order to eschew the graver one and the virtue of enduring harm.

44-        Severing ties with one who disobeyed the Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessing be upon him, even if he is a close relative.

45-        Whoever causes harm to the Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him, with a word or an act should be killed because Sa‘d ibn Mu‘aath, may Allaah be pleased with him, said that and the Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him, did not disapprove it.

46-        Helping the one who is afflicted with a calamity such as pains, crying or sadness.

47-        The approach of verifying news that Abu Bakr, may Allaah be pleased with him, adopted because nothing was reported from him regarding that story, although it lasted for one month, even one word except what was reported in some routes of the Hadeeth that he said: By Allaah, this was not said about us in the pre-Islamic time, then how it can be after Allaah has honored us with Islam.' This was in the Hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar reported by At-Tabaraani. 

48-        It is permissible to start speech in the important matter with reciting Tashahhud and praises of Allaah The Almighty and saying To proceed.

49-        The accused is innocent until proven guilty.

50-        The prescription of Tawbah (i.e. turning to Allaah The Almighty with repentance) and that it is accepted from the one whom acknowledged his sin and gave it up in all sincerity; however, just acknowledging it is not sufficient.

51-        Acknowledging with what was not occurred is not permissible, even if it is known that he is truthful in that; rather one should say truth or keep silent.

52-        Showing patience brings good ends and pleasure to the afflicted person. ‘Aa’ishah, may Allaah be pleased with her, got a great status and degree due to observing patience about her affliction.

53-        Giving preference for the elder to speak first and the one who has doubt in speech should stop talking.

54-        It is permissible to give glad tiding to the one to whom a new blessing occurred or protected from something evil and feeling happy for that.

55-        Excusing the one who felt worry when a calamity occurred because he is still very young and the like.

56-        Woman can deal with her husband and father in casual manner.

57-        adopting a gradual approach with one who was afflicted with a calamity and then removed so that happiness may not attack his heart all at once for it may destroy him. This can be deduced when the Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him, started to laugh when revelation sent down to him announcing the innocence of ‘Aa’ishah, may Allaah be pleased with her, then gave her the glad tiding, then informed her with her complete innocence, then recited verses before her. Wise people have stated that the one who suffers from intensive thirst should not go extremely in drinking water for this may destroy him; rather, he should drink bit by bit.

58-        Whenever the matter is straitened very much, it gets widened and followed by relief. Thus, whenever Muslim individual is afflicted by a calamity should show patience and wait for relief from Allaah The Almighty.

59-        The virtue of the one who entrusts his affair to his Lord The Exalted and the one who does so will find sorrows and sadness light as it was occurred to ‘Aa’ishah, may Allaah be pleased with her, before asking her about her condition and after her answer saying: "And Allaah is the one sought for help."

60-        Encouraging spending in the different ways of goodness, especially, in maintaining kinship ties. Forgiveness will be for the one who does good to or forgives the one who did bad to him.

61-        Whoever swears not to do something good, it is recommended to break it and do that which is good and offer expiation for his oath.

62-        It is permissible to quote the verses of Quran in afflictions and following the footsteps of the noble figures such as the Prophets, may Allaah exalt their mention, and others.

63-        It is permissible to glorify Allaah The Almighty at the times of surprise and great matters.

64-        Dispraising backbiting and those who listen to it and rebuking the one who does it, especially if it implies accusing a believer with what he did not do.

65-        Dispraising spreading immorality and that Allaah The Almighty says (what means) threatening those who do it: {Indeed, those who like that immorality should be spread [or publicized] among those who have believed will have a painful punishment in this world and the Hereafter. And Allaah knows and you do not know.} [Quran 24: 19].

66-        Prohibition and the horribleness of having doubts regarding the innocence of ‘Aa’ishah, may Allaah be pleased with her. Scholars said: "Whoever insults her from which Allaah The Almighty has declared her innocence, then he does not believe in Allaah The Almighty and whoever does so is a Kaafir (disbeliever). Imam Maalik, may Allaah have mercy upon him, and others adopted that opinion.(1).

67-        Some scholars of Tafseer said: Quran never mentioned such gravest punishment like what it has done regarding the story of Ifk in the briefest words.

68-        This Hadeeth implies that Hadd may be delayed for the one who is feared to cause sedition with applying Hadd to him. This was pointed out by Ibn Battaal, based on that Abdullah ibn 'Ubayy was one of those who slandered ‘Aa’ishah, may Allaah be pleased with her, while it is not stated in the Hadeeth that Hadd was applied to him. Al-Qaadhi ‘iyaadh, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said: "It was not proved that he began the slander, rather, what was proved is that he used to add exaggerated details to it."

 

69-        Anger may make the righteous patient say some inappropriate words and thus it is obligatory to beware of it and its causes.

70-        The Danger and severe enmity of the hypocrites, their keenness to cause harms to Muslims, defeat them and divide them. ‘Abdullaah ibn Ubayy ibn Salool, the hypocrite, was the one who had the greater share of that Ifk.

 

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(1)         Refer to Tafseer Al-Qurtubi (12/184) and As-Saarim Al-Maslool (1/570).  

Comments  

#1 Episode 45: Amongst the Lessons Drawn from the Story of Al-Ifk 2/2Ines 14 Safar 1438 AH
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