Episode 14: The supplication which was taught to Abu Bakr Al-Siddeeq 2/2
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) then went on to mention his need and request, which is for Allah to protect him from all evils. Thus he said: "I take refuge in You from the evil of my soul and from the evil and the devil and his associations, and from committing wrong against my soul or bringing such upon another Muslim."
This combines seeking refuge in Allah from evil outcomes, with its roots and sources. Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) comments on this Statement: "He mentioned (ie: the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him) the two sources of evil. They are the soul and Satan. Then he mentioned its end result. That is, evil striking oneself and soul or a fellow Muslim. Thus the Statement contains seeking refuge with Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, from four issues connected to evil:
1- The evil of the soul, which gives birth to evil actions, sins and wrongdoings.
2- The evil of Satan (the outcast). Satan's enmity to Man is well-known, and how he tries to incite him to commit sins and acts of disobedience. He also tries to beautify falsehood in both the soul and heart of people. By "shirkihi", he means what he calls to of associations. It is also narrated with diacritical fat?a on both the ‘shin’ and ‘ra'’ "sharakihi", i.e: his traps.
3- A human committing evil against his own soul. This is one of the outcomes of evil, which comes to human nature.
4- Bringing evil upon Muslims. This is another of the outcomes of evil which affect others.
Thus, this Statement contains seeking refuge in Allah from all of these forms of evil. What a great meaning it holds and how perfect a supplication to stay safe from all evils!