Abu Musa (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "The example of guidance and knowledge with which Allah has sent me is like abundant rain falling on the earth, some of which was fertile soil that absorbed rain water and brought forth vegetation and grass in abundance.(And) another portion of it was hard and held the rain water and Allah benefited the people with it and they utilized it for drinking, making their animals drink from it and for irrigation of the land for cultivation. (And) a portion of it was barren which could neither hold the water nor bring forth vegetation (then that land gave no benefits).The first is the example of the person who comprehends Allah's religion and gets benefit (from the knowledge) which Allah has revealed through me (the Prophet) and learns and then teaches others. The last example is that of a person who does not care for it and does not take Allah's guidance revealed through me (He is like that barren land.)" (1)

Explanation of vocabulary (2):

(Guidance) which leads to the required [i.e., Paradise].

(Knowledge) means the Shari`ah knowledge.

(Vegetation) includes the fresh and dried plants.

(Grass) only means the fresh.

(Hard land) is the land which does not produce vegetation.

Al Khattaby said: It is the land which holds water so that it will not evaporate. (Irrigation of the land for cultivation) as reported by Muslim, An-Nasa'i, and others. Abu Kurayb added in his narration: "and tender animals." An-Nawawy said: Both are correct.

Explanation of the Hadith:

Imam An-Nawawy (may Allah bestow mercy on his soul) said: The meaning of the Hadith is comparing the guidance which the Prophet (peace be upon him) came with to rain. Thus, the meaning is: Lands are of three types exactly as people are. The first kind utilize rain by growing plants and benefitting people, animals, and others likewise the first kind of people which receives guidance and knowledge then memorizes it, acts accordingly, and teaches it to others. The second type of lands does not benefit from water but it contains another benefit which is holding water for people and animals likewise the second kind of people which has got good memory but they do not have deep understanding by which they extract the meaning and rulings. Moreover, they do not have diligence in obedience and actions, so they memorize it until a knowledge seeker comes to extract from their knowledge, then they take that knowledge to benefit others; thus they do not benefit from the knowledge they have but they benefit others. The third kind of lands is that which do not grow plants, so it does not benefit from rain nor benefit others likewise the third kind of people who do not have good memory nor deep understandings, so when they hear the knowledge, they do not benefit from and do not memorize it to benefit others. And Allah knows the best. (3)

Ibn Hajar siad: Al Qurtuby and others said: The Prophet (peace be upon him) set an example to the religion which he brought with the rain which comes when the people need it, likewise was the condition of people before the advent of Islam. As rain revives the dead land, Shari`ah sciences revive dead hearts. Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) compared those who listen to him to different types of lands which receive rain, some of them are the scholars who act according to their knowledge. Such people are like the fertile land which drank and benefited itself as well as others.

Of those people are those who collect knowledge, however they do not act according to it or do not understand all the knowledge they have, but they deliver it to others, so they are like the land which holds water without benefiting from it. The previous meaning was mentioned clearly in the Hadith which says: "May Allah brighten a man who hears a tradition from us, gets it by heart and passes it on to others."

Of those people are those who listen to knowledge but do not memorize it, act according to it, nor transmit it to others, so they are like a barren land or the land which do not hold water but rather spoils it. The Prophet (peace be upon him) combined the first two kinds because of their benefits and singled the third because it has no benefit. And Allah knows best! (4)

Benefits gained from the Hadith:

1- The excellence of Shari`ah knowledge where the Prophet (peace be upon him) likened it with rain and the point of similarity in rain is reviving the earth, animals, and man likewise the knowledge of the Shari`ah which contains life for the hearts because they know their lord and the Straight Path which leads to His Pleasure, so there is no way for the people but to hold with it.

2- The excellence of the people who memorize and understand knowledge, extract benefits there from, and act accordingly; those are the best of people.

3- The excellence of those who memorize the texts of the Qur'an and the Sunnah and deliver them as they had received them and act accordingly. However, they do not understand it and cannot extract rulings and benefits from it; such people are good but in a lower degree than the previous kind.

4- The most evil of people are those who turn away from knowledge, do not learn, understand, act accordingly, nor teach it to others.

 

_____________

(1) Sahih Al Bukhari No. (79) with his own wordings, and Sahih Muslim No. (2282).

(2) See: Fathul-Bary of Ibn Hajar 1/176 - 177, and the commentary of An-Nawawy on Sahih Muslim, 15/46 - 47.

(3) The Commentary of An-Nawawy on Sahih Muslim, 15/47 - 48.

(4) Fathul-Bary 1/130.

Comments  

#72 RE: Episode 45: The example of guidance and knowledge which the Prophet (peace be upon him) came withDavidser 30 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
cheap brand cialis overnight shipping
next day delivery cialis
cialis savings card
brand name cialis no prescription
cialis next day no prescription
Cialis Cheap Buy Online: http://kaivanrosendaal.com/
cialis online pagamento paypal
venta de cialis en miami
http://kaivanrosendaal.com/#cialis-manufacturer-coupon
Quote
#71 RE: Episode 45: The example of guidance and knowledge which the Prophet (peace be upon him) came withDavidser 30 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
cialis manufacturer
buy pfizer cialis
5 mg cialis coupon printable
cialis professional england
secrets to help cialis work better
generic for cialis: http://kaivanrosendaal.com/
cialis 5mg achat en ligne
cialis sales online canada
http://kaivanrosendaal.com/#cialis-from-canada
Quote
#70 RE: Episode 45: The example of guidance and knowledge which the Prophet (peace be upon him) came withDavidser 30 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
cheap cialis no prescription
who should take cialis 5mg
cialis.com
authentic cialis price
cialis for daily use
free cialis: http://kaivanrosendaal.com/
buy cialis bali
cialis a basso prezzo
http://kaivanrosendaal.com/#cheap-cialis
Quote
#69 RE: Episode 45: The example of guidance and knowledge which the Prophet (peace be upon him) came withDavidser 29 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
super active cialis
cialis 20mg price comparison
free cialis
online cialis europe
cialis 300 mg.tab
cialis online: http://kaivanrosendaal.com/
tadalista vs cialis
acheter cialis
http://kaivanrosendaal.com/#cialis-manufacturer-coupon
Quote
#68 RE: Episode 45: The example of guidance and knowledge which the Prophet (peace be upon him) came withDavidser 29 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
authentic cialis online pharmacy
buy cialis switzerland
Cialis Cheap Buy Online
cialis livraison rapide
online apotheke deutschland cialis
cialis 20 mg: http://kaivanrosendaal.com/
cialis sans prescription canada
cialis copay discount
http://kaivanrosendaal.com/#Cheap-Cialis
Quote
#67 RE: Episode 45: The example of guidance and knowledge which the Prophet (peace be upon him) came withDavidser 28 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
medicine cialis best sellers catalog
cialis in miami
purchasing cialis on the internet
purchase real cialis
recommended dosage for cialis
cialis dosage: http://kaivanrosendaal.com
cialis in kenya
cialis and ecuador
http://kaivanrosendaal.com/#cialis-dosage
Quote
#66 RE: Episode 45: The example of guidance and knowledge which the Prophet (peace be upon him) came withDavidser 28 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
getting off cialis
cialis online doctor
interactions for cialis
cialis from hong kong
acquisto online cialis originale
cialis without a doctor's prescription: http://kaivanrosendaal.com/
buy cialis via paypal
generic4all cialis
http://kaivanrosendaal.com/#Buy-Cheap-Cialis
Quote
#65 RE: Episode 45: The example of guidance and knowledge which the Prophet (peace be upon him) came withDavidser 27 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
cialis 20 mg coupon
cialis kosten
online cialis
cialis soft tabs vs cialis
buy cialis forum 211
buy cialis: http://kaivanrosendaal.com/
cialis and caffine
cialis online drugstore
http://kaivanrosendaal.com/#cialis-20-mg-best-price
Quote
#64 RE: Episode 45: The example of guidance and knowledge which the Prophet (peace be upon him) came withJospehfreed 26 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
cialis cheapest lowest price
ho cialisw to get
5mg cialis daily review
best cialis virgra site

cialis with prescription
buying cialis online in australia
generic cialis testimonials
cialis order
https://stowe365.com/#Buy-Cialis-20-mg
Quote
#63 RE: Episode 45: The example of guidance and knowledge which the Prophet (peace be upon him) came withJospehfreed 25 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
best cialis online canadian pharmacy
cialis tablets review
erfahrungen mit cialis online kaufen
cialisis generico en usa

cialis from u.k.
cialis prescription help
cialis canadian no presciption
cialis discount coupon
https://stowe365.com/#Buy-Cialis-20-mg
Quote

Add comment

Security code
Refresh