Iyas ibn Salamah said: My father said to me: We arrived at Al Hudaybiyah with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and we were fourteen hundred in number. There were fifty goats for them which could not be watered (by the small quantity of water in the local well). So, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) sat on the brink of the well. Either he prayed or spat into the well, then water welled up. We drank and watered (the beasts as well). Then the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) called us to take the vow of allegiance, as he was sitting at the base of a tree. I was the first man to take the vow. Then other people took the vow. When half the number of people had done so, he said to me: Won't you take the vow, Salamah? I said: I was one of those who took the vow in the first instance. He said: (You may do) again. Then the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saw that I was without weapons. He gave me a big or a small shield. Then he continued to administer vows to the people until it was the last batch of them. He said (to me): Won't you swear allegiance, Salamah? I said: O Messenger of Allah, I took the oath with the first batch of the people and then again when you were in the middle of the people. He said: (It Does not matter), you may (do so) again. So, I took the oath of allegiance thrice. Then he said to me: Salamah, where is the shield which I gave to you? I said: O Messenger of Allah, my uncle `Amir met me and he was without any weapons, so I gave the shield to him. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) laughed and said: You are like a person who said: O Allah, I seek a friend who is dearer to me than myself. (When all Companions had sworn allegiance to the Prophet), the polytheists sent messages of peace, until people could move from our camp to that of the Makkans and vice versa. Finally, the peace treaty was concluded. (1)
Explanation of the Hadith:(2)
The Hadith shows that the Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) were very poor, but that did not prevent them to prefer others to themselves as Salamah ibn Al Akwa` (may Allah be pleased with him) did with his paternal uncle when he found him without a weapon. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) praised Salamah when he gave his weapon to his uncle and remained without a weapon.
Lessons gained from the Hadith:
1- The Hadith shows a great sign of prophethood because of the blessing that happened to the water by the virtue of the Prophet's supplication and spitting in water.
2- The keenness of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to check on his Companions, advising them, and praising those who excelled among them.
3- The Hadith also shows the good manners and morals of the Companions (may Allah be pleased with them), such as: helping one another, courage, and showing mercy to one another, among other good qualities.
4- The virtue of Salamah ibn Al Akwa` (may Allah be pleased with him) where he showed preference to his paternal uncle to himself. Moreover, Allah (Exalted and Glorified be He) praised the Supporters in the Glorious Qur'an when He says: "And give them (emigrants) preference over themselves even though they were in need of that. And whosoever is saved from hisown covetousness, such are they who will be the successful." [Surat Al Hashr: 9].
(1) Sahih Muslim, No. (1807)
(2) See: The commentary of An-Nawawy on Sahih Muslim, 12/ 175.