- The Arabic word Al-Khuluq singular form of Al-Akhlaq (the ethic) sometimes, denotes the way of behavior with people, as the Prophet (may the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Indeed, you can not afford to help the people with your wealth, so you should help them with smile of the face and good manner.” (1)
Furthermore, the Prophet (may the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “If someone whom you are pleased with his religiousness and (Khuluqahu) his character comes to you (seeking your daughter in marriage), then marry him (to her).” (2)
Mu`adh(3) ibn Jabal(may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the last advice the Messenger of Allah(may the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him), gave to him when he put his foot in the stirrup was that he said: “Make your manner good for the people, O Mu`adh ibn Jabal!” (4)
Abu Hurayrah( 5 ), (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (may the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him) was asked about the thing that causes people to enter Paradise most, thereupon he said: “Fearing Allah and the good manner.” (6)
Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) says: “The Prophet (may the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him) mentioned fearing Allah and good manners together, because fear of Allah corrects whatever is between a person and his Lord, and good manner corrects whatever is between him and the creation of Allah. (7)
Moral Values of Islam:
“Values” denote some inherent qualities in the nature of the words, deeds and things, evaluated by the instinct, mind and Shari`ah.
While the “moral values” denote the behavioral traits suggested by the instinct, mind and Shari`ah due to their good effects.
Therefore, the values are qualities and meanings that vary according to their related principles.
The issue of moral values is a subject of values that deals and explains the qualities of soul and its natures; however, behavior is the external and practical aspect or it is the real outcome of the qualities of the soul and its disposition.
So the ethical values are the behavioral traits.
The determination of ethical values depends on the dictation of the instinct, mind and Shari`ah, as we will explain by the Grace of Allah in this research.
(1) Reported by Al-Bazzar, and Abu `Abdillah Al-Hakim in Al-Mustadrak, (1/124), Dar Al-M`arifah, Beirut. See: `Ala’uddin `Ali Al-Muttaqi Al-Hindi, Kanz-ul-`Ummal Fi Sunan Al-Aqwal Wal-Af`al, vol.3 p.6, Mu’assasat Ar-Risalah, Beirut, 1399.
(2) Reported by At-Tirmidhi, who said: “This is a good but rare Hadith”. See: Al-Mubarkpuri, Tuhfat Al-Ahwadhi, a commentary on the encyclopedia of At-Tirmidhi, vol.4 p.205.
(3) Mu`adh ibn Jabal ibn `Amr ibn Aws Al-Ansari, Abu `Abdir-Rahman Al-Khazraji, one of the prominent companions of the Prophet (may the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him) who participated in the battle of Badr and other battles that were fought after Badr, he was the most knowledgeable scholar of this nation about Halal (permissible) and Haram(prohibited) who died in Syria during the year 18 A.H.. See: Siyar `Aalam An-Nubala’ vol.1 p. 443, Al-Isabah, vol.3 p.406.
(4) Reported by Malik in Al-Mu’atta, p. 650, Dar An-Nafa’is, Beirut, 7th edition, Year 1404 A.H.
(5) `Abdur-Rahman ibn Sakhr – according to the famous opinion about his name and his father’s name- Ad-Dousi, the expert of Hadith amongst the companions, who died in 57 A.H. or shortly after, when he was of seventy-eight years old. See: Al-Isabah, vol. 4, p.300, Taqrib At-Tahdhib, p. 680.
(6) Reported by At-Tirmidhi who said: “This is an authentic but strange Hadith”. See: Al-Mubarakpuri - Tuhfat Al- Ahwadhi, vol.6 p.142.
(7) Al-Fawa’id, p. 54, Dar Al-Fikar, for printing and publishing.