Secondly:  the Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics).

1 – The word Al-Khuluq (the ethic) in Arabic language:

The root-word of Al-Akhlaq is Khuluq. Ibn Al-Faris says in this connection: “the word Kuluq consists of three Arabic alphabets: Al-Kha’, Al-Lam and Al-Qaf, that has basically two meanings: the first is to measure something and the other is smoothness in something.  

- As for the first meaning, the Arabs say: “Khalaqtu Al-Adima Lis-Siqa’’”(I measured a leather to cut it for a water bag). The word Khalaqtu here means to measure. This word has been used in this meaning by an ancient Arabic poet, Zuhayr (1) who used the word Yakhluqu, a derivative of the same word referring to the meaning of measuring.

The word Al-Khuluq also belongs to the same root-word which means nature or behavior as man has been measured and designed by Allah (Glory be to Him) on a nature and was created according to it. The same word is used for lying as a lie is always created, invented and measured by the liar before he talks. Allah (Glory be to Him) says: “and you (Takhluquna) (produce) a falsehood.” (3)   

- The Second Meaning is smooth, as the Arabs say: “Sakhratun Khalqa’” (a smooth rock). (4)

Ibn Manzur (5) quotes Abu Bakr Al-Anbari who said (6): “The word Al-Khalq in the usages of Arabs has two meanings; one of them denotes to create something that has no match. And the other is synonymous with measuring. Allah (Glory be to Him) says: “So blessed is Allah (Ahsanul-Khaliqin), the best of creators.” (7) (Ahsanul-Khaliqin) here originally means the best of designers.” also the word has been mentioned in the Glorious Qur’an, when Allah (Glory be to Him) quoted the words of the Prophet `Isa (peace be upon him) while addressing his people: “And [make him] a messenger to the Children of Israel, [who will say], 'Indeed I have come to you with a sign from your Lord in that (Akhluqu) I design for you from clay [that which is] like the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird by permission of Allah.” (8) The word Akhluqu in this blessed A’yah means that he designed from clay like a bird, it does not mean that the Prophet `Isa (peace be upon him) created it from nothing. (9)

Furthermore, the word Al-Khuluq denotes the manner, nature and behavior. (10) Also it refers to the interior qualities of a person. Ibn Manzur said: “As the word Al-Khuluq denotes the interior figure of a person i.e. his soul, its qualities and its inner meanings, the same the word Al-Khalq denotes exterior figure of a person, its qualities and external meanings. (11)

In addition to that, Ar-Raghib said: “The both words Al-Khalq and Al-Khulq were derived from the same root-word; however, Al-Khalq is related to the aspects, shapes and figures that are perceived by the eyes, while Al-Khulq is related to the abilities and characters that are perceived by the mind. (12)

2 – Ethic in Philosophy:

There are mainly two trends in the philosophical studies that attempted to discover the concept of morality:

The First represents the traditional philosophical theory of morality, which considers ethics as a science of standard i.e. a branch of science that studies the standards that should be the examples for human behavior. Thus it lays down the laws, regulations and the lofty principles for human acts.

This trend is the reliable to the majority of the experts of ethics in understanding this science and determining its methodology.

The second trend represents the manmade theory that was adopted by some sociologists who regard ethics just as rules of conduct that are recognized by a group of people in any period of history. (13)

The philosophers of Islam had a good part in formulating the definition of the ethic in its relation to the human nature and its relationship with human behavior.

Miskawayh defined ethic and said (14): “A condition in the self of a person that calls him to actions without thinking or planning.” Furthermore, he added: “some of these conditions are natural and stamped in the constitution of a person, while some of them are attainable through training and habituating. (15)

Moreover, Al-Ghazali (16) said in this connection: “Ethic is a condition deep-rooted in the personality of a person, from which the acts originate easily without any need of thinking or planning, if the condition is a origin of praiseworthy (in Shari`ah or in common sense) acts this condition is called good ethic but if the originating acts are evil then the origin or the condition is called a bad ethic. (17)

____________________ 

(1) He is Zuhayr ibn Abi Salma Rabi`ah ibn Rabah Al-Muzani, from Mudhar tribe, a wise amongst the poets during the pre-Islamic days, he died before the declaration of the Prophethood by the Prophet (may the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him). See: Al-Isabah by Ibn Hajar, vol. 3 p.279 who mentioned him in the biography of his son Ka`ab (may Allah be pleased with him). See: Al-I`alam by Az-Zarkali, vol. 3, p. 52.

(3) Al-`Ankabut: 17.

(4) Ibn Faris, Mu`ajam Maqayis Al-Lughah, vol. 2, pp. 113,114.

(5) Muhammad ibn Mukrram ibn `Ali ibn Manzur Al-Ansari, the African, a prominent scholar, literary and authority, he was born in 630 A.H. and died in 711 A.H. See: Ad-Durar Al-Kaminah Fi A`ayan Al-Mi’ah Ath-Thaminah by Ibn Hajar, Matba`ah Majlis Da’irah Al-Ma`arif Al-`Uthmaniyyah, India, first edition, 1350 A.H, vol. 4p. 262, see also Al-I`alam, vol.7 p.108.

(6) Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Qasim ibn Bashar Al-Anbari, an authority, literary, expert of recitation of the Glorious Qur’an and a specialist of Arabic grammar, who died in Baghdad in the year 328 A.H. See: Siyar A`alam An-Nubala’ vol.15, p. 274, Al-Bidayah Wan-Nihayah, vol. 11, p.196.

(7) Al-Mu’aminun: 14.

(8) A’li-`Imran: 49.

(9) Ibn Manzur, Lisan Al-`Arab, vol. 10, p. 85.

(10) Ibn Manzur, Lisan Al-`Arab, vol. 10 p.89 and Al-Ferozabadi, Al-Qamus Al-Muhit, vol. 3, p. 229.

(11) Ibn Manzur, Lisan Al-`Arab, vol. 10, p. 86.

(12) Ar-Raghib Al-Asfahani, Al-Mufradat Fi Gharib Al-Qur’an, p.158.

(13) Dr. Mustafa Hilmy, Al-Akhlaq Bayn Al-Falasifah W Hukama’ Al-Islam (Morality between Philosophers and Wises of Islam), p.10. And Dr. At-Tawfiq At-Tawil, Usus Al-Falsafah (The Foundations of Philosophy), p. 372.

(14) Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Y`aqub who was interested in philosophy and logic, he was from Ar-Rayy and died in 421 A.H. Al-I`alam, vol., p. 211.

(15) Miskawayh, Tahdhib Al-Akhlaq Wa Tathir Al-A`araq, Al-Matba`ah Al-Misriyyah, first edition, vol.1, p. 41.

(16) Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad Al-Ghazali At-Tusi, who was given the title Hujjat-ul-Islam (Proof of Islam) a mystic and philosopher who was born in the year 450 A.H. and died in the year 505 A.H. in Khurasan. See: Jamal Ad-Din Al-Asnwi Ash-Sha’fa`i, Tabaqat Ash-Shafa`iyyah, Matba`ah Al-Irshad, Baghdad, 1391A.H. vol. 2, p. 242, and Shadharat Adh-Dhahab, vol.4, p.10.

(17) Al-Ghazali, Ihya’ `Ulum Ad-Din, Dar Al-Ma`arifah, Beirut 1402 A.H. vol. 3, p. 53.

 

Comments  

#328 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Francesca 16 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
Excellent post! We are linking to this great article on our site.
Keep up the great writing.

Also visit my website :: 1: http://www.bettarmang.co.kr/story/1463158
Quote
#327 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Gregory 15 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
Another avenue to read is what programs your hotel
must offer for kids. The entrance to the park is actually
just off I-75 N, in the Volkswagon Drive exit. This is especially true for places that offer hayrides.


My blog: link sky777: http://casino1391.com/online-gambling-and-slot-machines-what-are-they/
Quote
#326 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Freeman 13 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
Good post. I learn something totally neew and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day.
It's always interesting to read articles from other authors annd practice a little something from their web sites.


my website :: Safe Meds Keto Review: http://training.work4a1.com/groups/get-in-the-following-paragraphs-body-with-laser-weight-reduction-program/
Quote
#325 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Modesto 10 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
Hi there every one, here every person is sharing these kinds of experience, thus it's nice to read
this weblog, Acai Berry And Its Side Effects: https://free-advertising-forum.co.uk/index.php?action=profile;u=4733 I used to go
to see this weblog all the time.
Quote
#324 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Cody 8 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
Hi there colleagues, its great post concerning teachingand entirely explained, keep it up all the time.


Also visit my blog ... 918kiss computer: https://Scr888.group/games/19-scr888-s-motorbike
Quote
#323 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Rory 8 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
They are things you can use on a regular basis for your own to get great page rankings.
A pr can also enhance your website's rank in all of the
major search.

Feel free to visit my blog: ntc33 download: http://ntc33.fun/index.php/other-games/15-ntc33
Quote
#322 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Erik 8 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
Keep up the awesome work !! Lovin' it!

My homepage: VigRX Plus: http://potens-piller-se.eu/vigrxplus.html
Quote
#321 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Cruz 8 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
Passion the website-- extremely individual friendly and
great deals to see!

Here is my site :: se faire agrandir le zizi: http://agrandir-son-penis-fr.eu/
Quote
#320 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Ray 7 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
You're a really valuable web site; couldn't
make it without ya!

Also visit my website: http://nonacne-nl.eu: http://nonacne-nl.eu
Quote
#319 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Kian 7 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
I love the content on your site. Thanks a lot!

Visit my weblog - Testogen Composición: http://pastillasparaaumentarmasamuscular.eu/testogen.html
Quote
#318 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Yvette 6 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
Very nice article, totally what I was looking for.



Feel free to surf to my web page :: Vutrali Garcinia
Reviews: http://www.masija.com/WEIN/3895411
Quote
#317 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Jeanna 6 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
I am glad to be one of many visitants on this great internet site (:, thank
you for posting.

My blog ost ... Ultra Watch Z Smartwatch: http://www.epic-research.org/article.php?id=13396
Quote
#316 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Kassie 6 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
Aw, this was an exceptionally good post. Finding the time
and actual effort to produce a superb article… but what can I
say… I put things off a lot and don't manage to get anything done.


Here is my web site: download casino disrespectful: http://channel7actionnews.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=918.network%2Fcasino-games%2F78-live22
Quote
#315 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Pilar 4 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
Likewise, if find 3 hands of jacks or better, you'll
win 3 (3 x 1 = 3) coins. Cost-free no download slots are especially popular
of late. However, with constant practice, practice will make bets right.


My homepage - live
blackjack surrender: http://Hays.info/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=ntc33.fun%2Findex.php%2Fother-games%2F15-ntc33
Quote
#314 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Mollie 3 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
What's up, just wanted to tell you, I liked this article.

It was funny. Keep on posting!

Visit my webpage ... sky 77761: http://jaffeefinancial.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=918.network%2Fcasino-games%2F76-sky777
Quote
#313 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Dulcie 1 Jumada al-Thani 1440 AH
If you are a newbie, you may not have any idea where to get into.

(1) Concentrate on product niches - Why focus on product niches you announce?
Some people are good at writing articles.


Also visit my weblog - online
casino dealer hiring in rcbc: http://Www.Raymondused.net/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=Dtb-enterprises.com%2Fforum%2Findex.php%3FPHPSESSID%3D6tonpilvtst2iqe12anr107kj7%26action%3Dprofile%3Bu%3D3695
Quote
#312 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Cassie 30 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thank you, However
I am experiencing problems with your RSS.
I don't know the reason why I cannot join it.
Is there anyone else getting similar RSS problems?
Anyone who knows the answer can you kindly respond?
Thanx!!

Feel free to surf to my web page; rollex11 online: http://laaromadecubacigars.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=news.ezyget.com%2F885-rollex11%2Fprofile
Quote
#311 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Stephania 28 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
I was just unaware how lighting will change your mood and build
entire self relax. Recently we received a brief from a client of ours to redesign their
office cabin. They come in various colors that could match you walls.


Also visit my weblog - office design online: http://aommo.ru/bitrix/rk.php?goto=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2Finterior.my%2F
Quote
#310 Ihiya54Risam19 27 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
https://saudihyper.tumblr.com https://blueskyfullofstarss.tumblr.com https://igfkingnoreme.tumblr.com https://lulwaah-77.tumblr.com https://thenineteenseventyfuck.tumblr.com https://small-joyss.tumblr.com https://u-r-sexy.tumblr.com https://rawanalsab.tumblr.com https://psychooo27.tumblr.com https://lordeismydxp.tumblr.com https://paranoid-subzero-doll.tumblr.com https://koyangimei.tumblr.com
Quote
#309 Etuzu37Izosi85 27 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
https://junkratsposts.tumblr.com https://shyrosexo.tumblr.com https://se-como-salirme-de-las-cuerdas.tumblr.com https://mimundoterminaenel.tumblr.com https://unachispaesuficiente.tumblr.com https://wicked-n-wiley.tumblr.com https://013927.tumblr.com https://xxjenesaisquoixx.tumblr.com https://nekomew1.tumblr.com https://infinito-particular22.tumblr.com https://our-theory-of-gravity.tumblr.com https://sleepyearthling.tumblr.com https://soulcased.tumblr.com
Quote
#308 Omare90Hemih14 26 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
https://cali-f0rnication.tumblr.com
https://ic69.tumblr.com
https://francais-formidable.tumblr.com
https://noisett-e.tumblr.com
https://poeir4cosmica.tumblr.com
https://catchmehazza.tumblr.com
https://kmep1990.tumblr.com
https://fernanda-lluz.tumblr.com
https://kazaaaazade.tumblr.com
https://hayaabunofalme.tumblr.com
https://purificados.tumblr.com
https://falling-wings.tumblr.com
https://blueskyfullofstarss.tumblr.com
https://loucolobolupin.tumblr.com
https://carmelcoffeecats.tumblr.com
https://lydia-is-mediocre.tumblr.com
https://punishedstrider.tumblr.com
https://fakehappy24.tumblr.com
Quote
#307 Iwuhe62Cedic76 26 Jumada al-Awwal 1440 AH
https://ghettonificent.tumblr.com
https://paranoid-subzero-doll.tumblr.com
https://teenag3cannibal-blog-blog.tumblr.com
https://marina-diamandis-moved.tumblr.com
https://ilpleut.tumblr.com
https://rascheplan.tumblr.com
https://su-733.tumblr.com
https://justafangirlduck.tumblr.com
https://siriusbaguette.tumblr.com
https://saharamist.tumblr.com
https://shyrosexo.tumblr.com
Quote

Add comment

Security code
Refresh