Secondly:  the Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics).

1 – The word Al-Khuluq (the ethic) in Arabic language:

The root-word of Al-Akhlaq is Khuluq. Ibn Al-Faris says in this connection: “the word Kuluq consists of three Arabic alphabets: Al-Kha’, Al-Lam and Al-Qaf, that has basically two meanings: the first is to measure something and the other is smoothness in something.  

- As for the first meaning, the Arabs say: “Khalaqtu Al-Adima Lis-Siqa’’”(I measured a leather to cut it for a water bag). The word Khalaqtu here means to measure. This word has been used in this meaning by an ancient Arabic poet, Zuhayr (1) who used the word Yakhluqu, a derivative of the same word referring to the meaning of measuring.

The word Al-Khuluq also belongs to the same root-word which means nature or behavior as man has been measured and designed by Allah (Glory be to Him) on a nature and was created according to it. The same word is used for lying as a lie is always created, invented and measured by the liar before he talks. Allah (Glory be to Him) says: “and you (Takhluquna) (produce) a falsehood.” (3)   

- The Second Meaning is smooth, as the Arabs say: “Sakhratun Khalqa’” (a smooth rock). (4)

Ibn Manzur (5) quotes Abu Bakr Al-Anbari who said (6): “The word Al-Khalq in the usages of Arabs has two meanings; one of them denotes to create something that has no match. And the other is synonymous with measuring. Allah (Glory be to Him) says: “So blessed is Allah (Ahsanul-Khaliqin), the best of creators.” (7) (Ahsanul-Khaliqin) here originally means the best of designers.” also the word has been mentioned in the Glorious Qur’an, when Allah (Glory be to Him) quoted the words of the Prophet `Isa (peace be upon him) while addressing his people: “And [make him] a messenger to the Children of Israel, [who will say], 'Indeed I have come to you with a sign from your Lord in that (Akhluqu) I design for you from clay [that which is] like the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird by permission of Allah.” (8) The word Akhluqu in this blessed A’yah means that he designed from clay like a bird, it does not mean that the Prophet `Isa (peace be upon him) created it from nothing. (9)

Furthermore, the word Al-Khuluq denotes the manner, nature and behavior. (10) Also it refers to the interior qualities of a person. Ibn Manzur said: “As the word Al-Khuluq denotes the interior figure of a person i.e. his soul, its qualities and its inner meanings, the same the word Al-Khalq denotes exterior figure of a person, its qualities and external meanings. (11)

In addition to that, Ar-Raghib said: “The both words Al-Khalq and Al-Khulq were derived from the same root-word; however, Al-Khalq is related to the aspects, shapes and figures that are perceived by the eyes, while Al-Khulq is related to the abilities and characters that are perceived by the mind. (12)

2 – Ethic in Philosophy:

There are mainly two trends in the philosophical studies that attempted to discover the concept of morality:

The First represents the traditional philosophical theory of morality, which considers ethics as a science of standard i.e. a branch of science that studies the standards that should be the examples for human behavior. Thus it lays down the laws, regulations and the lofty principles for human acts.

This trend is the reliable to the majority of the experts of ethics in understanding this science and determining its methodology.

The second trend represents the manmade theory that was adopted by some sociologists who regard ethics just as rules of conduct that are recognized by a group of people in any period of history. (13)

The philosophers of Islam had a good part in formulating the definition of the ethic in its relation to the human nature and its relationship with human behavior.

Miskawayh defined ethic and said (14): “A condition in the self of a person that calls him to actions without thinking or planning.” Furthermore, he added: “some of these conditions are natural and stamped in the constitution of a person, while some of them are attainable through training and habituating. (15)

Moreover, Al-Ghazali (16) said in this connection: “Ethic is a condition deep-rooted in the personality of a person, from which the acts originate easily without any need of thinking or planning, if the condition is a origin of praiseworthy (in Shari`ah or in common sense) acts this condition is called good ethic but if the originating acts are evil then the origin or the condition is called a bad ethic. (17)

____________________ 

(1) He is Zuhayr ibn Abi Salma Rabi`ah ibn Rabah Al-Muzani, from Mudhar tribe, a wise amongst the poets during the pre-Islamic days, he died before the declaration of the Prophethood by the Prophet (may the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him). See: Al-Isabah by Ibn Hajar, vol. 3 p.279 who mentioned him in the biography of his son Ka`ab (may Allah be pleased with him). See: Al-I`alam by Az-Zarkali, vol. 3, p. 52.

(3) Al-`Ankabut: 17.

(4) Ibn Faris, Mu`ajam Maqayis Al-Lughah, vol. 2, pp. 113,114.

(5) Muhammad ibn Mukrram ibn `Ali ibn Manzur Al-Ansari, the African, a prominent scholar, literary and authority, he was born in 630 A.H. and died in 711 A.H. See: Ad-Durar Al-Kaminah Fi A`ayan Al-Mi’ah Ath-Thaminah by Ibn Hajar, Matba`ah Majlis Da’irah Al-Ma`arif Al-`Uthmaniyyah, India, first edition, 1350 A.H, vol. 4p. 262, see also Al-I`alam, vol.7 p.108.

(6) Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Qasim ibn Bashar Al-Anbari, an authority, literary, expert of recitation of the Glorious Qur’an and a specialist of Arabic grammar, who died in Baghdad in the year 328 A.H. See: Siyar A`alam An-Nubala’ vol.15, p. 274, Al-Bidayah Wan-Nihayah, vol. 11, p.196.

(7) Al-Mu’aminun: 14.

(8) A’li-`Imran: 49.

(9) Ibn Manzur, Lisan Al-`Arab, vol. 10, p. 85.

(10) Ibn Manzur, Lisan Al-`Arab, vol. 10 p.89 and Al-Ferozabadi, Al-Qamus Al-Muhit, vol. 3, p. 229.

(11) Ibn Manzur, Lisan Al-`Arab, vol. 10, p. 86.

(12) Ar-Raghib Al-Asfahani, Al-Mufradat Fi Gharib Al-Qur’an, p.158.

(13) Dr. Mustafa Hilmy, Al-Akhlaq Bayn Al-Falasifah W Hukama’ Al-Islam (Morality between Philosophers and Wises of Islam), p.10. And Dr. At-Tawfiq At-Tawil, Usus Al-Falsafah (The Foundations of Philosophy), p. 372.

(14) Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Y`aqub who was interested in philosophy and logic, he was from Ar-Rayy and died in 421 A.H. Al-I`alam, vol., p. 211.

(15) Miskawayh, Tahdhib Al-Akhlaq Wa Tathir Al-A`araq, Al-Matba`ah Al-Misriyyah, first edition, vol.1, p. 41.

(16) Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad Al-Ghazali At-Tusi, who was given the title Hujjat-ul-Islam (Proof of Islam) a mystic and philosopher who was born in the year 450 A.H. and died in the year 505 A.H. in Khurasan. See: Jamal Ad-Din Al-Asnwi Ash-Sha’fa`i, Tabaqat Ash-Shafa`iyyah, Matba`ah Al-Irshad, Baghdad, 1391A.H. vol. 2, p. 242, and Shadharat Adh-Dhahab, vol.4, p.10.

(17) Al-Ghazali, Ihya’ `Ulum Ad-Din, Dar Al-Ma`arifah, Beirut 1402 A.H. vol. 3, p. 53.

 

Comments  

#181 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Brandie 8 Safar 1440 AH
The second part you've to to complete in order to make quick money online
is your landing page setup. These sites will an individual to rank larger.

Of one's to your benefit - make use of keywords as 'Alt' tag cloud.


Here is my web blog ... live roulette results: http://www.rm-hr.hr/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=414480
Quote
#180 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Georgina 3 Safar 1440 AH
Keep what
is m.2 slot on motherboard: http:///dury/info.php?a%5B%5D=%3Ca+href%3Dhttps%3A%2F%2F918.network%2Fcasino-games%2F67-lpe88-lucky-palace-casino%3Elpe88+apk%3C%2Fa%3E writing, great job!
Quote
#179 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Elton 29 Muharram 1440 AH
Read content over and enjoy if you have views of
something more in the contents. Can you net without spending a single dime?
Then set about writing articles based on those individuals.


My page :: mobile slot bonuses: http://smdservicesllc.com/UserProfile/tabid/57/userId/20730191/Default.aspx
Quote
#178 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Etta 29 Muharram 1440 AH
This proves that a small number people actually optimise their web
articles. There are other factors which is Google enjoys
the in order to frame the penalty charge against the advertiser.


Visit my weblog - 918kiss agent kiosk: http://www.pattysweet.net/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.u1stud.com%2Fvery-simple-things-you-can-do-to-save-gaming%2F
Quote
#177 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Lila 28 Muharram 1440 AH
Find the sunday paper that was in your niche or from
a related place. You read more article topics under
onto your nose than you understand! Do I use everything
which find during my research?

Also visit my webpage :: triple ace 333 bsnl recharge: http://images.google.fr/url?source=imgres&ct=ref&q=http://kasino.games/home/ace333/51-ace333
Quote
#176 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Bonnie 26 Muharram 1440 AH
For being as obvious as likely that this product meets the expectations in the customer.
You will need to create space for the move around and leisurely shop at their own pace.


Here is my web site - joker //www.joker123.com: http://www.4alarmmarketing.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=kasino.games%2Fdownloads%2F314-download-joker123
Quote
#175 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Annie 25 Muharram 1440 AH
Practically any type of all in the time I spend about
it involves content creation. It is these programs that assist more than anything other than these.
These search engines are smarter than we concluded.



Look into my weblog; ocean king costa rica: http:///info.php?a%5B%5D=%3Ca+href%3Dhttps%3A%2F%2F918kiss.host%2F77-joker123%3Ejoker123+casino%3C%2Fa%3E
Quote
#174 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Cora 24 Muharram 1440 AH
wonderful issues altogether, you simply received a new reader.

What could you recommend about your post that you made some days ago?
Any certain?

Feel free to surf to my web blog: d&m slot cars: http://dir.curezone.com/c.asp?http://918kiss.party/home/lpe88
Quote
#173 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Kenton 24 Muharram 1440 AH
They can an individual what's possible and what's not possibilities.
You can browse the Internet and discover more regarding the same.
This is when you end up being a that good writer.

my homepage; live22 download: https://918kiss.host/66-live22
Quote
#172 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Shani 22 Muharram 1440 AH
This paragraph offers clear idea in support of the new users of blogging, that
genuinely how to do running a blog.

Also visit my site ... mega casino: https://918.network/casino-games/74-mega888
Quote
#171 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Wanda 21 Muharram 1440 AH
Extremely greatest great thing is acquire to decide on. Your friends want you to Digg
their stories, but desire to see feedback. Stores normally hire Police Officers
for extra security.

Also visit my page - live
22644: http://www.onlinecasino-portal.net/all-the-reasons-you-need-to-play-online-slots/
Quote
#170 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Zoe 21 Muharram 1440 AH
I am start to believe may do have permanent brain damage from your
beer consumption. So you might like to positioned on your crash helmet to do
this one. Do not appear to in a rushing intent.



Here is my web-site pad sky 777: http://www.weddingsandevent.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=kasino.games%2Fhome%2Fsky-777%2F55-sky777
Quote
#169 Episode 6: The Meaning of Al-Akhlaq (the Ethics) (1/3)Launa 21 Muharram 1440 AH
Remember the whole speech doesn't have turn out to be funny.

A checklist of public speaking ideas would not be full
minus the eye get hold of. It will definetly deliver you
a few pointers and things to think about.

Feel free to visit my web page - mega888 casino: https://scr888.group/live-casino-games/2484-mega888
Quote

Add comment

Security code
Refresh