The Hadiths in the Prophetic Sunnah about ethics are more detailed and extensive than in the Glorious Qur’an.  When the experts of Hadith assumed the task of classification and compilation of those Hadith, they laid down independent chapters and sections on the ethical aspect in their books. For example, Imam Al-Bukhari (1), (may Allah have mercy on him) has specified a section on etiquette in his book Sahih, as well as, Imam Muslim, (2) devoted a part of his Sahih for the Hadith of etiquettes and lofty morals. At-Tirmidhi (3) also assigned some chapters to etiquette and joining the relatives in his book Jami`a. The same method was followed by others who compiled in the field of the Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad (may the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him).

One of the manifestations of their interests in this field is evident when we find that the prominent scholars of Hadith have included the Hadiths of morals and ethics in their independent books that are two types of compilations:

The First: the compilations that are assigned for the manners of the Prophet (may the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him) such as Ash-Shama’il Al-Muhammadiyyah (The Qualities of the Prophet Muhammad) by Imam At-Tirmidhi (may Allah have mercy on him) and Ktibab Akhlaq An-Nabi Wa A’adabuh (The Book on the Ethics of the Prophet and his Etiquettes) by Al-Asbahani (may Allah have mercy on him). (4)

The Second: The general compilations on Islamic morals and ethics, such as Al-Adab Al-Mufrad (The Unique Etiquette) by Imam Al-Bukhari (may Allah have mercy on him) and Makarim Al-Akhlaq Wa Ma`aliha’ (The Noble and Lofty Morals) by Al-Hafiz Al-Khara’iti (5) (may Allah have mercy on him).

Moreover, a group of prominent scholars and experts of Hadith, like Al-Qurtubi,   Ibn `Abdul-Barr (6), An-Nawawi and Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar and others were interested in compiling commentaries on encyclopedias of Hadith, therefore, they   dealt with Hadiths containing the ethical values through their explanation, analysis and comments. They are characterized by a high degree of accuracy as they were based on the Glorious Qur’an and the blessed Sunnah.

The Contributions of the Muslim Jurists 

The endeavors of Muslim jurists in this field do not differ from scholars of other fields except that the issues of the morality have not been studied in separate chapters, rather they were included into some suitable chapters, like the chapter of marriage, the chapter of expenses, alimonies, cohabitation, divorce, and so on, where they give emphasis to the ethics and the necessity of implementing them in the practical life, with warning on negligence and breaching of them followed with statement of damages and consequences or provisions that result from them.

As for their leading endeavors, they are represented in their separate compilation on the Islamic etiquettes and moralities, like Adab Ad-Dunya Wad-Din (The Etiquette of the Worldly and Religious Life) by Al-Mawardi and Al-A’adab Ash-Shar`iyyah Wal-Minah Al-Mar`iyyah (The Islamic Etiquettes and the Applicable Manners) by Ibn Al-Muflih. (8) However, they were not purely concentrated on the ethics pertaining to public dealing only, rather, they involved other subjects such as the topic of fear of Allah, the issue of hope, contentment, repentance and provisions of the dress, food and so on. Perhaps one of the reasons that led them to include such subjects into their compilation was their perception of the Islamic ethics and morality in its broad sense that includes entire human relationship, whether it is with his Lord, or with himself or with the people. (9)

_____________________________

(1) He is Muhammad ibn Isma`il ibn Ibrahim ibn Al-Mughirah Al-Jua`fi, Abu `Abdullah Al-Bukhari, a distinct scholar in memorizing the Hadith and an authority in understanding the meanings of Hadith, who died in 256 A.H. See: Ibn Hajar, Taqrib At-Tahdhib, a study and comparison by Muhammad `Awwamah, Dar Ar-Rasheed, Halab, the first edition, 1406, p. 468.

(2) Muslim ibn Al-Hajjaj ibn Muslim Al-Qushayri An-Nisaburi, a prominent memorizer of Hadith and the compiler of the authentic encyclopedia Sahih Muslim,  who died in 261 A.H. See: Taqrib At-Tahdhib, p. 529.

 (3) Muhammad ibn `Isa ibn Sawrah At-Tirmidhi, a well-known expert of Hadith who died in Tirmidh, 279 A.H. See: Adh-Dhahabi, Siyar Aa`lam An-Nubala’, edited by Shu`yb Al-Arna’wut, Mu’assasat Ar-Risalah, Beirut, 4th edit. 1406 A.H. vol.13 p. 270, also see: Tqrib At-Tahdhib, p. 500.

 (4) He is `Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Ja`afar, Abu Muhammad who is known as Abu Sheikh Al-Asbahani, an authority of Hadith from Asbahan who died in 369 A.H, Siyar Aa`lam An-Nubala’, vol.16 p. 276.

(5) He is Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ja`afar ibn Muhammad As-Samiri Al-Khara’iti, an expert of Hadith and a compiler who died in Yafa in the year 327 A.H. See: Siyar Aa`lam An-Nubala’ vol. 15 p. 267 and Al-Bidayah Wan-Nihayah, by Ibn Kathir, Maktabat Al-Ma`arif, Beirut, vol.11 p. 190.

(6) He is Yusuf `Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn `Abd Al-Barr An-Nimri Al-Andalusi Al-Qutubi Al-Maliki, an expert of Hadith from Morocco who died in the year 463 A.H.  See: Siyar Aa`lam An-Nubala’ vol. 18 p. 153 and Al-Bidayah Wan-Nihayah vol. 12 p. 104.

 (7) He is `Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Habib Abul-Hasan Al-Mawardi, the most respected judge of his time who died in the year 450 A.H. See: Shadharat Adh-Dhahab, vol. 3 p. 285, and Al-A`alam vol. 4 p. 327.

(8) He is Muhammad ibn Muflih ibn Muhammad Al-Maqdisi, Al-Hanbali, the most knowledgeable person of his era about the school of jurisprudence of Imam Ahmad, who died in 763 A.H. see: Shadharat Adh-Dhahab, vol. 6 p. 199 and Al-A`alam vol. 7 p. 107.

(9) It would be mentioned –by the grace of Allah- when we shall present the definition of morality in terminology, in the beginning of this study.

Note: I have avoided presenting examples and evidence here lest they would be repeated; also I have mentioned them in the folds of this research which clarify the points mentioned in this preamble in a general method.

 

Comments  

#100 Episode 3: The Contributions of Scholars of Hadith and Muslim JuristsFrederic 12 Ramadan 1440 AH
I would like to thank you for the efforts you've put in writing this website.
I am hoping the same high-grade site post from you in the
upcoming also. In fact your creative writing skills has encouraged me to get my own blog now.

Really the blogging is spreading its wings fast.
Your write up is a great example of it.

My blog; https://ketoslimpill.net/: https://hostimize.com/ketoslimpillsreview643331
Quote
#99 Episode 3: The Contributions of Scholars of Hadith and Muslim JuristsPoppy 11 Ramadan 1440 AH
Have you lost the fun, outgoing side which he first saw?

Life involves risk, and risk suggests the prospect of failure.
Why don't attempt doing it this alternative? What markets could you
be be part of?

Look into my webpage: online poker hong kong: http://www.revecom.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.ezyget.com%2Findex.html&
Quote
#98 Episode 3: The Contributions of Scholars of Hadith and Muslim JuristsAndy 10 Ramadan 1440 AH
It can be written by a friend, neighbour, relative, et cetera.
If you continue your relationship with one, you alienate the many.
Online stock trading requires total discipline to carry out your plan and
follow your machine.

Here is my blog; progressive strategy
games: http://mdairportparking.org/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=www.ezyget.com%2Findex.html
Quote
#97 Episode 3: The Contributions of Scholars of Hadith and Muslim JuristsNovella 8 Ramadan 1440 AH
I am always thought about this, thanks for posting.


Also visit my page :: Quick Lean Essence
Keto: https://medium.com/@paulamegan34/quick-lean-keto-review-ca1c23932353
Quote
#96 Episode 3: The Contributions of Scholars of Hadith and Muslim JuristsGlory 8 Ramadan 1440 AH
Greetings! I've been following your website for some
time now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out
from Lubbock Tx! Just wanted to mention keep up
the excellent job!

Also visit my page :: newtown ntc33: http://news.ezyget.com/886-ntc33/profile
Quote
#95 Episode 3: The Contributions of Scholars of Hadith and Muslim JuristsOsvaldo 8 Ramadan 1440 AH
So, the secret to leading online slot game malaysia experience is perform on the jackpot openings.

In case you do hit enormous jackpot, always take it and lock it " up ".


My weblog ... scr888 new member free credit: http://c.bumiu.cn/ju/R/?url=http://tbet-88.com/take-right-decision-and-choose-games-for-gambling/
Quote
#94 Episode 3: The Contributions of Scholars of Hadith and Muslim JuristsFlorencia 7 Ramadan 1440 AH
Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.
Look advanced to more added agreeable from you!

By the way, how could we communicate?

Here is my web page: https://ketothinstate.org/: https://nutshellurl.com/ketothinstatepills76999
Quote
#93 Episode 3: The Contributions of Scholars of Hadith and Muslim JuristsAbbie 6 Ramadan 1440 AH
Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of
any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my
newest twitter updates. I've been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you
would have some experience with something like this.

Please let me know if you run into anything.
I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to
your new updates.

Look at my web site - john casino: http://utahstatebar.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=news.ezyget.com%2F886-ntc33%2Fprofile
Quote
#92 Episode 3: The Contributions of Scholars of Hadith and Muslim JuristsAiden 28 Sha'ban 1440 AH
Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add
to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.

I've been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this.
Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I
look forward to your new updates.

Also visit my web blog ... sky777
casino: https://918.network/downloads/88-sky777
Quote
#91 Episode 3: The Contributions of Scholars of Hadith and Muslim JuristsMaryjo 25 Sha'ban 1440 AH
Worry will creep into your mind, allowing you open to second guessing
your plans and blueprints. You'll need to learn from reading various books and articles
how you can identify those marks.

Feel free to surf to my web page; kiosk3 scr888.yahoo: http://isnotis2.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=918.credit%2Fdownloads%2F78-download-918kiss-for-android-and-iphones&popup=1
Quote

Add comment

Security code
Refresh