After his return from the farewell pilgrimage, a number of things done by the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him indicated that he was approaching the journey’s end (82) and he was now making preparations for meeting the ‘Companion Most High. Eight years after the battle of Uhud, the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him prayed over those who were slain there like one who was bidding farewell to the living and the dead.
He thenmounted the pulpit and said, “I am one who goes before you and I shall be a witness to you. Your appointed place is at the Haud‐I‐Kauthar (83) where I find myself standing. I have been given the keys of the treasure of the earth, and I do not fear for you that you would become polytheists after I am gone, but I fear lest you should long for worldly things and strike each others necks.”
BEGINNING OF THE ILLNESS
The sickness of the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him began shortly before the end of Safar. Late in one night, the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him went to thecemetery of Madinah, known as Jannatul Baqi, where heprayed for the dead and returned to his house. The next morning his ailment began.
‘Aisha relates that when the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him returned from the Jannatul Baqi he was suffering from a headache and
was muttering, “O my head.” The Prophet peace be and blessings upon him said, “Nay, O my head! ‘Aisha, O my head!” His pain increased. Then, in the house of Maymuna the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him called his wives and asked their permission to be nursed in the house of ‘Aisha. All of them agreed and the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him came out walking supported by Fad b. ‘Abbas and ‘Ali. He had a cloth bound on his head and his feet were dragging as he
came to the house of ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her). (Al‐Bukhaari, Chap. Mard‐un‐Nabi)
‘Aisha tells that during the illness from which the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him never recovered he told her, “Aisha, I still feel pain from the food I took at Khaybar, now I feel my aorta being cut because of it.
SOLICITUDE FOR THE WELFARE OF MUSLIMS
Some of the Prophet’s companions came to see him during his illness in the house of ‘Aisha. He welcomed them and prayed for their guidance on the right path and invoked the help and blessings of Allah for them.
Thereafter he said, “I enjoin you to fear Allah and assign you to His care after me. I am a warner unto you from Allah. Behold! Never give yourselves to arrogance and vainglory in the habitations of Allah’s servants for Allah has told you and me: ‘As for the Abode of the Hereafter We assign it unto those who seek not oppression in the
earth, nor yet corruption. The sequel is for those who ward off (evil).” [Qur'an 28:83]
Then he recited another verse: “Is not the home of the
scorners in Hell?” [Qur'an 39:60]