The sermons delivered by the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him on the Day of Arafah and on the second day of Tashriq are presented here as both are fitting and eloquent as well as
significantly instructive for all and good.
“Your blood and your property are inviolable sacredness of this day in this month in this city of yours. Lo! Everything pertaining to the days of paganism is wrongful. And claims of blood‐vengeance belong to the pre‐Islamic period have been abolished. The first claim on blood I remit is that of ibn S’ad Rabi’a b. al‐Harith
who was suckled among Bani S’ad and killed by Hudhayl.
“The usury of the days of ignorance is abolished, and the first of our usury I abolish is that of my own uncle, ‘Abbas b. ‘Abdul Muttalib, for all it is abolished.
“Fear Allah concerning women. Verily, you have taken them under God’s security and have made their persons lawful unto you by God’s Word. It is incumbent upon them that they must not bring into your houses anyone whom you dislike; but if they do that then you have authority to chastise them, yet not severely. You are
responsible for providing them with their food and clothing in a fitting manner.
“I have left among you a thing, by which, if you hold to it, you will never go astray. What is that? It is the Book of Allah!
“And you would be asked by Allah about me so what would you say?”
The companions replied, with one voice, “We testify hat you have conveyed the message and fulfilled your mission.”
The Prophet peace be and blessings upon him then raised his forefinger towards the sky and said thrice, “O Allah, be witness.” (80)
The text of the other sermon, delivered by the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him, on the second day of Tashriq, is as follows:
O people, do you know in which city you are, what month and what day is this?” asked the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him from his audience.
They replied, “This is the sacred month, the day has a great sanctity and the city is the holy city.”
Resuming his address the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him said, “Your lives and your property and your honor shall remain scared to the Day of Resurrection like this day, this month and this city. Behold! Take it from me so that you may live.
Beware! Do no wrong. Beware! Do no wrong. Beware! Do no wrong! It is not lawful for you to take anything from the property of a Muslim save by his consent. Every claim for blood‐vengeance and bloodwit that was due since the days of ignorance is now abolished to the Day of Judgment. And the first claim of blood‐vengeance that I remit is that of Ibn Rabi’a b. al‐ Harith b. ‘Abdul Muttalib who was suckled among Ibn Laith and killed by Hudhayl. The usury of the pagan past is abolished is that of ‘Abbas b. ‘Abdul Muttalib.
“Time has completed the cycle to reach the same point when God created the heavens and the earth.’ Thereafter he recited the Qur'anic verse:
“Lo! The number of months with Allah is twelve months by Allah’s ordinance in the day that He created the heavens and the earth. Four of them are sacred: that is the right religion. So wrong not
yourselves in them.’
“Behold! Do not become infidels after me, beheading one another. The devil has despaired of ever being worshipped of ever being worshipped by those who pray, but he will create dissensions among you. Fear Allah concerning women. You have claims on your womenfolk and they on you. They are saddled with the obligation not to bring in anyone whom you dislike, but if you suspect, instruct and withdraw from them, and chastise them but lightly. You are obliged to provide them with food and clothing in a befitting manner for you have got them under God’s security, and have a right to their person by God’s word.”
“Behold! Whoever holds anything in trust should return it to the person who had trusted him with it. The Prophet peace be and blessings upon him then asked, “Have I delivered the message? Thereafter he said, “Let him who is present convey it to him who is absent, for many a one to whom a message is conveyed can better enshrine it in his memory.
(Ahmad, on the authority of Abu Hurra ar‐Raqashi)