While the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him was on his way back to Medinah, he stopped and leaned back to take rest under the shade of a thicket of acacia trees after hanging his sword to a branch.
Jabir relates that he was taking a nap along with his friends when they heard the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him calling them.
They saw a Bedouin sitting by the side of the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him and when they went to him, he said, “I was sleeping when this man came and took hold of my sword. As I woke‐up,
I saw him with the sword drawn over my head and he was asking me, ‘Who can now save you from me?! replied Allah.
Now he is sitting before you. The Prophet peace be and blessings upon him did not, however, punish the Bedouin.
(Al‐Bukhaari, Chap. Expedition of Dhatur‐Riq’a)
EXPEDITION WITHOUT FIGHTING
The same year, in Sh’aban, the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him went forth to Badr to keep his appointment with Abu Sufyan at Uhud.
He remained at Badr for eight days with a large force waiting arrival of the Makkan army. Abu Sufyan did come out of Makkah to honor his call, but he did not venture to advance more than a few miles in the desert. He pursuaded his men to return since it was a season of
drought in which his people were in a bad shape. There was thus no fighting and the Muslims returned with their prestige and morale bolstered higher than before. The Prophet peace be and blessings upon him undertook another expedition of Dumatul‐Jandal a few months later. But the Muslims returned to Madinah once more without any fighting.
(Ibn Hisham, Vol. II, pp. 209‐213).
THE BATTLE OF THE TRENCHES
The reason for this battle was to eliminate the Muslims once and for all. The Jews were the real instigators of hostilities leading to the composing of this alliance.
The battle of the Trenches, or, of Al‐Ahza’b
(confederates) as it is sometimes called, took place in the
month of Shawwal, 5 A.H. The location was Madinah itself.
The Muslim force was 3,000 soldiers, where the alliance force were 10 thousand soldiers Seven Muslims laid down their lives in the battle of the Trenches while they killed four of the enemy, and on a cold and cloudy night, a violent hurricane from the desert uprooted the tents of the nomads and overthrew their cooking pots.
The severe weather, sent by Allah, disheartened the enemy.
The battle resulted in utter defeat for the Quraysh‐led alliance under Abu Sufyan and a complete triumph for the Muslims under the Great Prophet peace be and blessings upon him.
“O ye who believe! Remember Allah’s favor unto you when there came against you hosts and we sent against them a great wind and hosts ye could not see. And Allah is ever Seer of what ye do,”
“And Allah repulsed the disbelievers in their wrath; they gained no good. Allah averted their back from the believers. Allah is strong, Mighty.”
ACTION AGAINST BANI QURAYDA
The reason for this battle was the treason of Bani Qurayda for their breaking their treaty with the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him in order to help the Quraysh in their attack on madinah.
It took place on the end Dhul‐Qidah 5 A. H., few kilometers to the southeast Madinah. The Muslim force was 3000 soldiers, and 36 horses.
The Prophet peace be and blessings upon him and his people surrounded and occupied the district inhabited by the Jewish clan of Bani Qurayda, whereupon the beleaguered Jews defied the
siege for twenty‐five days, finally succumbing up to the pressure and then offered to surrender. Bani Qurayda submitted to the Prophet’s decision.
The decision was made in the hands of an arbitrator which was the chief of Al‐Aus (one of the Al‐Ansaar clans), S’ad Ibn. Mu’adh, who gave his decision: “I decided that the men should be killed, the property
divided, and the women and children taken as captives.”
Al in all, round 400 soldiers of Banu Qurayda were killed.