The Prophet (peace be and blessings upon him) approached Banu an‐Nadir to demand a contribution to be paid as blood money to Bani ‘Amir since two men had been killed inadvertently by the lone survivor of Bi’r Man’ua. Banu An‐Nadir, being one of the two influential tribes of the Jews that settled in Madinahwas in alliance with Bani ‘Amir and was thus liable to pay such.
They feigned willingness to accept the demand with pleasure, but busied themselves plotting against the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him. While the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him was asked to make himself comfortable by the side of a wall in one of their
houses, they counseled one another, saying; “Never would we get such a golden chance. If one of us drops a rock on him from the top of the house, we shall all get rid of him.” Abu Bakr, ‘Ali and ‘Umar and a few more companions were with the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him on this occasion.
God informed the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him of the treacherous plan of the Jews. He went back to Madinah and ordered to make preparations for war against the Banu an‐Nadir. Thus, the
Prophet peace be and blessings upon him came upon them in Rabi’ul‐Awwal, 4 A.H. the siege of Banu an‐Nadir lasted for six nights whilst God cast terror in the hearts of the Jews.
They requested the Prophet peace be and blessings upon him that if he agreed to spare their lives, they would abandon the city with their belongings except their war implements.
The offer was accepted and Banu Nadir departed from Madina after destroying their houses and loading all that they could on their camels. (Ibn Hisham, Vol. II, pp. 190‐91)
The chapter of the Qurʹan entitled al‐Hashr (Exile) in the Qur’an calls attention to the banishment of Banuan‐Nadir.
“He it is Who hath cause those of the People of the Scripture who disbelieved to go forth from their homes unto the first exile. Ye deemed not that they would go forth, while they deemed that their
strongholds would protect them from Allah. But Allah reached them from a place whereof they reckoned not and cast terror in their hearts so that they ruined their house with their own hands and the hands of the believers. So learn a lesson. O ye who
have eyes!” [Qur'an 59:2]
Many of these exiles settled in Khaybar, the Jewish centre in the north of Hijaz, whereas others went away to the far‐off Syria. And the Muslims got rid of that sneaky dark corner of deception in their midst without having to meet the Jews in an open fight. The lands and groves left by the Jews were divided up among the first Makkahn emigrants.
The excursion of Dhat-Ur-Riq'A
In the fourth year of the Hijrah, the Prophet of God peace be and blessings upon him decided to make an excursion into Najd. Together with six companions that included Abu Musa al‐Ash’ari, he took refuge from an oasis in that area. The group had to cover the distance mostly on foot, as only one camel was at their service. The incursion was called Dhat‐ur‐Riq’a as the companions taking part in the expedition had to bandage their injured feet and toes.
(Al‐Bukhaari, Chap. Expedition of Dhat’ur‐Riq’a).
The Prophet peace be and blessings upon him’s party approached the enemy, but there was no fighting for each feared the other.
The Prophet peace be and blessings upon him led the prayer of fear in this expedition.
(Ibn Hisham, Vol. II, p. 204).