In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all the Worlds, and peace be upon the most honorable Prophet, our Prophet Muhammad, and upon his family and his Companions.
The season of Hajj is never free of benefits, and these benefits are well-known and witnessed throughout history. These benefits have personal, social, moral, and educational objectives and dimensions.
No doubt that the performance of Hajj according to the ordained description strengthens faith and helps in renewing the covenant with Allah (Glory be to Him) and purifies oneself from its filth. During the days of Hajj, pilgrims live with the rites of Hajj and in the sites where the Glorious Qur'an was revealed. Therefore, souls direct in overwhelming spirituality toward more tangible true religiousness. This is noticeably seen at many pilgrims who go to Hajj then return to their countries after their straightness had been increased and their behavior had been promoted.
Of these benefits are the following:
First, training a Muslim for piety and glorifying the sanctities of Allah (Glory be to Him). A Muslim who comes to perform Hajj and `Umrah in this Sacred Land has to glorify the sanctities of Allah represented in these rites and sites and dedicate his worship solely to Allah alone without associating partners with Him. Therefore, a Muslim should know that by entering these Sacred Sites, he is signing a peace agreement with the entire existence because Allah (Glory be to Him) commanded His Servants to enter a secure area. The meaning is: The one who enters these Sacred Sites shall feel security in himself, his honor, and his money. Likewise, animals, plants, and anything of the like shall be part of this peace agreement which Allah asserted in His Saying: "Whosoever enters it, he attains security." [Surat Al `Imran: 97].
Allah (Glory be to Him) says: "and whoever inclines to evil actions therein or to do wrong (i.e. practise polytheism and leave Islâmic Monotheism), him We shall cause to taste from a painful torment." [Surat Al Hajj: 25].
Second, training a Muslim for obeying and following the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who said: "Take your the rites of pilgrimage from me." Following the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is only achieved by asking trustworthy scholars and knowing the correct way of performing the rites of Hajj, avoidance of heresies, and correcting the mistakes which some pilgrims commit intentionally or unintentionally.
Here is a great educational dimension which is: The perfection of work is only achieved by following the correct system that is extracted from the Glorious Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Third, training human souls during the journey of Hajj for abiding by behavioral discipline and order to participate in making pilgrimage successful through personal and collective abidance by instructions, keeping away from chaos, keenness to follow safety tips, individual and collective participation in organization, and keenness to inclusive and correct awareness which guarantees a sound and correct performance of Hajj for each person abided by regulations. This is an important educational and regulatory dimension that trains souls for precision and following regulations in the rest of their entire life affairs.
Moreover, pilgrims exercise self-discipline and following regulations when they give up all worldly adornments such as shaving their hair, clipping their nails, applying perfume...etc during the state of Ihram, following the commands of Allah and seeking His Satisfaction.
Training a Muslim for good treatment with his Muslim brothers who are sharing with him the bond of brotherhood that was mentioned in Allah's Saying: "The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islâmic religion)." [Surat Al Hujurat: 10]. This is also an important moral and educational dimension that exhorts a pilgrim to deal kindly with his Muslim brothers, show good-manners toward them, to accompany them in the best manner, and to tolerate their mistakes.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to `Umar: You are a powerful man, so do not compete with people to reach the Black Stone in order not to harm the weak, but if you find a room to reach it, you may do so, otherwise face it and pronounce Takbir [Saying: Allahu Akbar]. [Reported by Al Bayhaqy and others].
Fifth, training a Muslim for loving goodness for everyone stemming from the love of a Muslim to his Muslim brother and giving the chance to other Muslims who have not performed Hajj and who are eager to perform it and need the help of their Muslim brothers to do so. This is a great social dimension represented in achieving the affiliation of a Muslim to his Muslim society in which he lives and interacts, so he will be glad for their joy and feel pain for their pains.
Sixth, supporting the principle of Islamic equality, brotherhood, and solidarity:
No one can deny that Hajj is like a universal conference that achieves a vivid reality which other acts of worship cannot achieve through the meeting of crowds of pilgrims in harmonious image that does not only expresses a single case but it expresses all Muslims around the world in their acquaintance, harmony, and exchanging opinions in between despite their different colors, countries, languages, standards of living, and the way of life. Allah (Glory be to Him) says: "And verily, this, your religion (of Islâmic Monotheism) is one religion, and I am your Lord, so fear (keep your duty to) Me." [Surat Al Mu'minun: 52].
All people are equal like comb teeth, no difference between their rich and poor, old and young, rulers and subjects; all are wearing a simple white garment that denotes the unity of humans and denotes that Islam equates between all races and people, for they are equal in the sight of Allah.
These scenes generate images for the Day of Recompense in human souls when people shall be gathered bare-footed and naked to stand before their Lord without any preference to one over another except by piety and righteous work.
The season of Hajj is an opportunity for Muslims to achieve more cooperation and support and to form one line and be one hand in the face of contemporary challenges, no matter the difference of its aspects, forms, and styles:
Seventh, commercial and economic exchange:
Of the benefits of Hajj is giving opportunity to all Muslims to practise different activities and commercial, financial, and economic bargains.
Books of Tafsir mentioned that some Muslims during the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) felt embarrassed to practise commerce, selling, and purchasing during Hajj, so Allah (Glory be to Him) revealed: "There is no sin on you if you seek the Bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage by trading)." [Surat Al Baqarah: 198]. So, their souls became comfortable after that divine facilitation, and practised selling, purchasing, and commerce then they praised Allah for His Mercy, Favor, and Facilitation.
If Islam intends to achieve the previous benefits which people need in every time and in their social life, there are features and practices that pilgrims should not forget or neglect, of which are the following:
1- Dedicating all actions to Allah (Glory be to Him), recalling His Greatness, glorifying His Rites and engaging in mentioning, praising, and invoking Him: "Thus it is [what has been mentioned in the above said Verses (27, 28, 29, 30, 31) is an obligation that mankind owes to Allâh] and whosoever honors the Symbols of Allâh, then it is truly from the piety of the hearts." [Surat Al Hajj: 32].
2- Showing kindness and good treatment to pilgrims, preferring them to oneself, rushing in helping them, giving them advices, showing tolerance to them, observing patience when dealing with them, and not to complain of their minor mistakes.
4- Avoiding behavior that may affect the sanctity of Hajj, its time, and its sites, keeping away from practices that may hurt Muslims or cause harm to them, preserving public and private utilities, maintaining the cleanness of sites, avoidance of throwing dirt in gathering places, avoidance of crowding, and avoidance of sitting or laying down in paths so as not to harm others.
We invoke Allah to accept `Umrah and Hajj from all pilgrims, and to accept from us, them, and from all Muslims. We invoke Allah that they would go back happy and safe to their families and homes, rejoicing at the Hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him) which was reported by Al Bukhari and Muslim: "And the reward of Hajj Mabrur (the one accepted by Allah) is nothing except Paradise."
[ Al-Bukhari and Muslim]