Allaah continued by affirming (in the translation of the meaning): «And come not near to the orphan's property except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength. And fulfill (every) covenant. Verily! the covenant, will be questioned about. And give full measure when you measure, and weigh with a balance that is straight. That is good (advantageous) and better in the end.
And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not, etc.) that of which you have no knowledge (e.g. one's saying: "I have seen," while in fact he has not seen, or "I have heard," while he has not heard). Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned (by Allaah). And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance. Verily, you can neither rend nor penetrate the earth, nor can you attain a stature like the mountains in height.» Surah al-Isra (17:34-37).
Allaah then concluded with this comprehensive statement (in the translation of the meaning): «All the bad aspects of these are hateful to your Lord.» Surah al-Isra (17:38).
We now end with the statement with which we began. «This is (part) of al-Hikmah (wisdom, good manners and high character, etc.) which your Lord has inspired to you» Surah al-Isra (17:39).
Contemplate these verses, the commands: their utmost beauty, justice, and general goodness and benefits. And contemplate these prohibitions: the harm, evil, and mischief that can not even be enumerated. This is one of the greatest miracles of the Qur’an and of the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).
«And the slaves of the Most Beneficent (Allaah) are those who walk on the earth in humility and sedateness, and when the foolish address them (with bad words) they reply back with mild words of gentleness. And those who spend the night before their Lord, prostrate and standing. And those who say: "Our Lord! Avert from us the torment of Hell. Verily! Its torment is ever an inseparable, permanent punishment.”» Surah al-Furqan (25:63-65).
Allaah continued by stating (in the translation of the meaning):
«And those, who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor niggardly, but hold a medium (way) between those (extremes). And those who invoke not any other ilah (god) along with Allaah, nor kill such life as Allaah has forbidden, except for just cause, nor commit illegal sexual intercourse and whoever does this shall receive the punishment. The torment will be doubled to him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein in disgrace; Except those who repent and believe, and do righteous deeds, for those, Allaah will change their sins into good deeds, and Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. And whosoever repents and does righteous good deeds, then verily, he repents towards Allaah with true repentance. And those who do not witness falsehood, and if they pass by some evil play or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity. And those who, when they are reminded of the ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord, fall not deaf and blind thereat. And those who say: "Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders for the Muttaqun" Those will be rewarded with the highest place (in Paradise) because of their patience. Therein they shall be met with greetings and the word of peace and respect.» Surah al-Furqan (25:67-75).
Also, in Surah al-Mu’minun, Allaah began the Surah with (in the translation of the meaning): «Successful indeed are the believers.» Surah al-Mu’minun (23:1).
Allaah then described the qualities of the believers (in the translation of the meaning): «Those who offer their Salaat (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness. And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allaah has forbidden). And those who pay the Zakat. And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual acts) Except from their wives or (the captives and slaves) that their right hands possess, for then, they are free from blame; But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors; Those who are faithfully true to their Amaanat (all the duties which Allaah has ordained, honesty, moral responsibility and trusts etc.) and to their covenants; And those who strictly guard their (five compulsory congregational) Salawaat (prayers) (at their fixed stated hours). These are indeed the inheritors. Who shall inherit the Firdaus (Paradise). They shall dwell therein forever.» Surah al-Mu’minun (23:2-11).
Furthermore, in Surah al-Ahzab, «Verily, the Muslims (those who submit to Allaah in Islam) men and women, the believers men and women (who believe in Islamic Monotheism), the men and the women who are obedient (to Allaah), the men and women who are truthful (in their speech and deeds), the men and the women who are patient (in performing all the duties which Allaah has ordered and in abstaining from all that Allaah has forbidden), the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord Allaah), the men and the women who give Sadaqat (i.e. Zakat, and alms, etc.), the men and the women who observe Sawm (fast) (the obligatory fasting during the month of Ramadan, and the optional Nawafil fasting), the men and the women who guard their chastity (from illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allaah much with their hearts and tongues (while sitting, standing, lying, etc. for more than 300 times extra over the remembrance of Allaah during the five compulsory congregational prayers) or praying extra additional Nawafil prayers of night in the last part of night, etc.) Allaah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise).» Surah al-Ahzab (33:35).
We ask Allaah (subhannahu wa ta’ala) to make us like those in all of these ayat (verses) where Allaah (subhannahu wa ta’ala) described the best of creation. These verses are perfect in their benefits. We remember the saying of Allaah (in the translation of the meaning): «And who is better in judgment than Allaah for a people who have firm Faith.» Surah al-Ma’idah (5:50).
With respect to the rationale behind mentioning these preceding verses, the Shaykh (rahimahullaah) said:
All that which is in the shariah from the worship, transactions, commands, and giving the due rights to its people are all details and branches for what Allaah stated in these verses.
What the ‘ulama (scholars) detailed from the benefits and the fruits of the commands and the evils of what is forbidden all falls under this foundation. This is why the scholars of fiqh relate the rulings to the benefits and the evils.