Episode 4: Preventing who is trying to pass in front of you
(25) It is not allowed for a person praying towards a sutrah to allow anyone to pass in front of him, due to the previous hadeeth, “... and do not let anyone walk in front of him ...” and his (peace and blessing be upon him) saying, “If one of you prays towards something that screens him from the people, and someone wants to pass in front of him, then let him repel him by pushing him on the chest, and let him repel him as much as he can ... [and in a narration ... then let him fight him, for he is a devil].”
MOVING FORWARD TO PREVENT SOMEONE PASSING
(26) And it is allowed for him to take a step or more forwards in order to prevent an animal or a child from passing in front of him, so that they pass behind him.
THAT WHICH BREAKS / DISRUPTS THE PRAYER
(27) From the importance of the sutrah in Prayer is that it prevents the person's Prayer being nullified by the passing of that which will disrupt it. Contrary to the one who prays without a sutrah, since his Prayer will be nullified if an adult woman, or likewise a donkey, or a black dog passes in front of him.
THE INTENTION (an-Niyyah)
(28) The person who is going to pray must have in his heart the intention to pray that particular Prayer, be it the Obligatory Zuhr or 'Asr Prayer, or the sunnah Prayer's for them, for example. This is a condition (shart) or a pillar (rukn). As for expressing that upon the tongue, then it is an innovation (bid'ah), contrary to the sunnah.
This was not upheld by any of the Imaams followed by the blind followers.
THE TAKBEER (Saying: `Allaahu Akbar')
(29) He begins the Prayer by saying:
Allaahu Akbar (Allaah is Greater).
This is a pillar (rukn), due to his saying, “The key to the Prayer is Purification. That which makes outside actions forbidden is the takbeer, and that which causes outside actions to become permissible is the tasleem.”
(30) He should not raise his voice in saying the takbeer in any of the Prayers, unless he is an Imaam (leading others in prayer).
(31) It is allowed for the mu'adhdhin to repeat the takbeer of the
Imaam in a louder voice in order for the people to hear it, as long as there is a need for that, such as the Imaam's being ill, having a weak voice, or there being a very large number of people praying behind him.
(32) The person following an Imaam in Prayer should not say the takbeer until the Imaam has finished saying it.
RAISING THE HANDS AND HOW IT IS TO BE DONE
(33) He should raise his hands whilst saying the takbeer or before it, or after it. All of these are established in the sunnah.
(34) He should raise his hands with the fingers extended.
(35) He should raise his palms up to the level of his shoulders, and sometimes he should raise them even further, up to the level of his ear lobes.
PLACING THE HANDS AND HOW IT IS TO BE DONE
(36) Then after the takbeer he should place his right hand upon his left hand, and this is from the practice (sunnah) of the Prophets, 'alaihimus-salaatu was-salaam, and Allaah's Messenger commanded his Companions with it. It is therefore not permissible to leave the hands hanging by one's sides.
(37) He should place his right hand upon his left hand, wrist and forearm.
(38) Sometimes he should grasp the left hand with the right hand.
WHERE THE HANDS ARE TO BE PLACED
(39) He should only place his hands upon his chest. This applies equally to men and women.
(40) It is not allowed to place the right-hand on the waist.