A Sunnah action is what the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) practiced and which Muslims are encouraged to follow. They are not mandatory actions; whoever does them gains additional reward.
1-Using siwak (tooth-stick) before the Wudhu, The Prophet )peace and blessing be upon him) said:
'Had it not been for the fact that I would overburden my Ummah (nation) I would have ordered them to use the Siwak, as I ordered them to perform Wudhu.' (Silsilah as-Saheehah).
The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:
"The Siwak purifies the mouth, and pleases the Rubb." (Tirmidthi).
2-Beginning by washing the hands three times, then by rinsing out the mouth and nose three times. Aws athThaqafi (may Allah be pleased with him) said:
"I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) making Wudhu and
he washed his hands three times (before commencing the Wudhu)." (Nasa'ee).
3-Washing the face three times and (for men) rubbing water into the beard. Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him) said:
''The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) used to rub water into his beard." )Tirmidthi).
4-Washing between the toes and fingers. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:
'If you make Wudhu wash between your toes and fingers' (Tirmidthi).
5-Washing the Wudhu parts thrice. One should not exceed this limit, for the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:
'This is the Wudhu; whoever exceeds therein would certainly have done wrong, exceeded the limits, and transgressed.' (Nasa'ee).
6-Tayaamun (starting with the right side first). The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:
'If you put on your clothes, or make Wudhu, start with the right side.' (Abu Dawood).
7-Saying the Testimony of Faith, upon completing the Wudhu:
'Ashhadu an-laa ilaahah il'lallaah wa ash hadu an'na Muham'madan Abdoho wa rasooloho'.
i.e. I testify that there is no true god except Allah, and I testify that Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) is His slave and Messenger.
8-The Muslim should not waste water when making Wudhu.
The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:
'Do not waste water, even if you are using it from a running river!' (Abu Dawood).
 

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