Its Merit:
Allah, the Exalted, says:
(O you who believe! When you perform Salah wash your faces and your arms to the elbows, wipe your heads, and wash your feet up to the ankles.) (5:96).
Wudhu is a condition for the validity of prayers. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:
"No prayer is accepted without purification, and no charity is accepted from earnings made from impermissible sources." (Muslim).
The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) also said:
"When a Muslim or a Believer washes his face while performing Wudhu every sin that he committed (as a result of looking) is washed away with water, or with the last drop of water. When he washes his hands, every sin that his hands committed washes away with water or with the last drop of water. When he washes his feet, every sin that his feet committed washes away with water or with the last drop of water until he emerges pure and sin-free." (Muslim).
The Prophet of Allah (peace and blessing be upon him) said:
"Whoever performs Wudhu as he is ordered (in Shari'ah) and performs prayer as he is ordered, his past sins will be effaced." (Bukhari).
The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:
'If a slave makes Wudhu, and then goes to the Masjid and performs prayer therein, he is a guest of Allah, and it is a right upon the host to honor his guest.' (Baihaqi).
The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:
"The key to prayer is Wudhu." (Abu Dawood).
How to perform Wudhu?
General Description
The general description of how to perform Wudhu is found in the words of Allah:
(O you who believe! When you intend to offer Salat (the Prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles.) (5:6).
Basically, the steps mentioned in the ayah are as follows:
1. Niyyah (intention): It is to be thought in the mind only, not to be expressed verbally. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:
"Deeds are considered by intentions." (Bukhari)
2. Basmallah (i.e. to say Bismillah). The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:
"No Wudhu is valid without pronouncing the name of Allah." (Ibn Majah).
3. Washing the hands(1) three times.
4. Gargling and sniffing water (at the same time) three times.
5. Washing the face, three times.
6. Washing the arms up to the elbows three times, beginning with the right(2).
7. Wiping the head with wet hands, then wiping inside the ears with the forefingers, and their backs with the thumbs(3).
8. Washing the feet including the ankles, three times, beginning with the right foot.
9. Saying the Testimony of Faith, upon completing the Wudhu.
Ashhadu an- laa ilaahah il'lallaah wa ash hadu an'na
Muham'madan Abdoho wa rasooloho
i.e. I testify that there is no true god except Allah, and I testify that Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) is His slave and Messenger.
One should keep in mind that the Wudhu for men and women is the same.
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1-The hand here is from the tips of the fingers to the elbows, including the elbows.
2-Whoever has an amputated arm or hand should wash whatever is left of the hand or arm. If the whole hand or arm is cut off, he should wash the amputated area as well.
3-One should not wet his hands separately for wiping the ears. All the Companions who described the Prophet's performance of Wudhu did not state that he rewashed his hands for the ears. It is also narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: "The ears are part of the head".

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