Episode 12: The final Tashahhud and sitting with one's left hip resting upon the ground (At-tawarruk)

 

 

(166) Then he should sit for the final tashahhud, and both are obligatory.

(167) He should do in it what he did in the first tashahhud.

(168) Except that in it he sits with his left hip resting upon the ground and with both his feet on his right-side. He places his left foot beneath his right shin.

(169) His right foot should be placed upright upon the ground.

(170) And it is allowed to lay it down flat, sometimes.

(171) He should lean heavily upon his left knee with his palm, supporting himself in that manner.

The obligation of supplicating for blessings upon the Prophet (As-salaayu 'Alan-nabee) and of seeking Allaah's refuge from four things

(172) It is obligatory that he supplicates for blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) in this tashahhud, and we have mentioned some wordings for this in the section on the first tashahhud (point nos. 145 and 146).

(173) He must seek Allaah's refuge from four things, saying:

Allaahumma innee a'oodhu bika min ' adhaabi jahannam, wa min ' adhaabil-qabr, wa min fitnatil-mahyaa wal-mamaat, wa min sharri fitnatil-maseehid-Dajjaal

O Allaah! I seek refuge with You from the punishment of Hell-Fire, and from the Punishment of the Grave, and from the Trials of Living and Dying, and from the Evil Trials of the False Messiah (Dajjaal)(22).

 

Supplicating (Du'aa) before the salutation (Salaam)

(174) Then he may supplicate for himself with whatever supplication he wishes from the supplications established in the Book and the Sunnah. There are very many, so if he has not memorised anything from them, then he may supplicate with whatever du'aa is easy for him, from that which will benefit him in his Religion or his worldly life.

The salutation (At-tasleem) and its types

(175) Then he should give salutations to his right side, and this is a pillar, turning his face such that the whiteness of his right cheek can be seen.

(176) He then gives salutations to his left side, turning his face such that the whiteness of his left cheek can be seen, even if it is the Funeral Prayer.

(177) The imaam leading others in Prayer, should raise his voice with the salutation except when performing the Funeral Prayer.

(178) There are a number of ways of giving the salutations.

(a) To say:

As-Salaamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh

May Allaah grant you peace and security, and may His Mercy and Blessings be upon You. to his right, and:

As-Salaamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullaah

May Allaah grant you peace and security, and may His Mercy be upon you. to his left.

(b) To say:

As-Salaamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullaah

May Allaah grant you peace and security, and may His Mercy be upon you. to his right and left.

(c) To say:

As-Salaamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullaah

May Allaah grant you peace and security, and may His Mercy be upon you. to his right and:

As-Salaamu 'alaykum

May Allaah grant you peace and security. to his left.

(d) To give a single salutation facing forwards, and turning slightly to the right, saying:

As-Salaamu 'alaykum

May Allaah grant you peace and security.

 

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22) The ‘Trials of Living …’ are that which a person encounters in life with regard to being enticed by the worldly life and the desires to which it gives rise. The ‘Trials of dying ...’ are the trials of the grave, and the questioning by the two Angels. And the ‘Trials of the False Messiah (Dajjaal) ...’ are the supernatural occurrences that will happen at his hands; things that will lead many people to go astray, to follow him and accept his claim to divinity.

 

 

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