Episode 11: The third and fourth rak'ahs and the Qunoot

(147) Then he says:

Allaahu Akbar

Allaah is Greater.

and this is an obligation. The Sunnah is that he says it whilst he is sitting.

(148) And he raises his hands, sometimes.

(149) Then he gets up to pray the third rak'ah, and it, like the rak’ah coming after it, is a pillar.

(150) He does the same when he wants to get up for the fourth


(151) However before getting up, he should sit up straight, sitting upon his left foot, such that every bone returns to its place.

(152) Then he stands by supporting himself upon his hands, just as he did in getting up for the second rak'ah.

(153) In each of the third and fourth rak'ahs he recites Soorah al-Faatihah, and this is obligatory.

(154) Sometimes he may also recite an aayah or more in addition to it.

(155) It is from the Sunnah that he performs a special invocation, and supplicates for the Muslims when some calamity strikes them.

(156) It is to be said after the bowing (rukoo'), after he has said:

Rabbanaa wa lakal-hamd

O our Lord! And all praise is for You.

(157) There is no set supplication for this; rather he makes whatever supplication is suited to the specific calamity.

(158) He should raise his hands whilst making this supplication.

(159) If he is an imaam leading the people in Prayer, he should raise his voice with his supplication.

(160) Those who are praying behind him should say `Aameen,' meaning, `O Allaah, respond to it!'

(161) So when he finishes it he should say the takbeer:

Allaahu Akbar

Allaah is Greater.

and perform the prostration.

The Qunoot (invocation) in the witrprayer (21) its place and wording

(162) As for the invocation (qunoot) for the Witr Prayer, then it is prescribed to say it occasionally.

(163) It should be said before the rukoo', contrary to the invocation at the time of a calamity.

(164) He should make the following supplication:

Allaahum-mahdinee feeman hadayta, wa ' aafinee feeman ' aafayta, wa tawallanee feeman tawallayta, wa baarik lee feemaa a'tayta, wa qinee sharra maa qadayta, fa innaka taqdee wa laa yuqdaa 'alayka. Wa innahu laa yadhillu man waalayta, wa laa ya'izzu man ' aadayta. Tabaaraakta rabbanaa wa ta'aalayta. Laa manjaa minka illaa ilayka

O Allaah! Continually guide me and make me amongst those whom You have guided, and make me one of those whom You save and secure from all evils. And make me one of those whom You love, and whose affairs You take care of. And grant me blessing in all that You have given me, and save me from the evil of what You have decreed, for You alone decree, and none can contradict Your Decree. None can humiliate those whom You have befriended, nor will those who are enemies of You ever have dignity and honor. Blessed are You, O our Lord, and Exalted. There is no way to flee for safety from You except by fleeing towards You.

(165) Then he should perform the bowing (rukoo') and the two prostrations (sujood), as has proceeded.



21) Witr: the odd-numbered rak'ah(s) said at the end of the (optional) Night Prayer


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